China–Myanmar relations - Wikipedia
80 Liang, Chi-shad, “Burma's relations with the People's Republic of China: . to be ,, with the stated goal of being a well-equipped force of , Why Burma Must Reset Its Relationship With China Achieving these goals is essential to securing a sustainable democratic transition — and. So, it would be wrong for China not to try to initiate this relationship or establish Mutual understanding between both sides [China and Myanmar's Besides Wu Yi's trip, highlights in include a visit by the Deputy.
In Februarya top general alleged that the Kokang militia included former Chinese soldiers, something Beijing vociferously denied. In March, when the Burmese air force launched air strikes against the Kokang, some of the bombs accidentally fell on Chinese territory. After none of the armed groups along the Chinese border signed the accord, a senior Burmese negotiator publicly criticized China for urging them not to do so. China, too, has had its concerns.
- What’s next for Myanmar-China relations?
- China and Myanmar: When neighbours become good friends
- China–Myanmar relations
In a way, the Burmese government has been doing exactly what the Chinese have long advised: Chinese leaders are now waiting to see how the new government led by Aung San Suu Kyi shapes up. But the Chinese seem to have realized which way the wind is blowing. In earlyAung San Suu Kyi traveled to China for the first time, where she met with Xi Jinping himself and repeatedly stressed that she welcomes a good relationship with Beijing.
Now is the right time for Burma to reset its engagement with its giant neighbor. This new relationship could take many forms, but should include three important components. First, rather than letting China take the lead, Burma should formulate its own comprehensive plan for the multi-billion dollar infrastructure development it needs to revitalize its economy.
China should be invited and encouraged to play a major role, but only within a framework set by the Burmese government in close consultation with the affected communities. The controversy surrounding the Myitsone Dam, for example, is not simply a debate about economics — it is intimately linked to finding lasting solutions to the conflict in the Kachin State.
With good reasonlocal communities fear that Chinese projects will destroy their homes and livelihoods.
China has become increasingly anxious over what it sees as undue Western and Japanese influence over the Burmese peace process, which has consequences for the future of the Chinese-Burmese border. The needs — from landmine clearance to ceasefire monitoring — are great, but they should be met transparently, perhaps through a new mechanism linked to the United Nations in which China, too, can participate. The Chinese will be tempted to push their economic interests and see how far they can get, using their influence over the borderlands as leverage.
Why Burma Must Reset Its Relationship With China
Instead, the two sides must craft a comprehensive and forward-thinking new vision for their relationship. There are, indeed, things China wants from Burma — and Burma can use these to its advantage.
Bilateral military relations developed smoothly with frequent high-level exchang of visits. In JanuaryChinese Ambassador to Myanmar Li Jinjun personally lobbied Luo Gan, who was in charge of border management, suggesting that unified management of China's borders under the PLA would be beneficial in combating illegal migration, drug trafficking, and prohibited mining and forest activities.
Li said that while Beijing had made the decision at the beginning of to replace police and immigration personnel on the Burmese border with regular PLA units, central authorities implemented the order later in Even the Chinese Ambassador's 21 April call on Khin Nyunt, who was identified on the occasion as General rather than Prime Minister, merited a front-page article in the government-controlled newspaper.
Those opposing the dam also objected to the deal that would send 90 percent of the power generated by the dam to China.
They also cited environmental impact that would change the flow of the Irrawaddy River. Then opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi opposed the deal. Aung San Suu Kyi led a parliamentary inquiry commission on the Letpadaung project in the wake of a violent police raid on protesters at the mine site in and found that Wanbao had inadequately compensated farmers for their land and that the appropriation process lacked transparency.
Farmers who lost crops in and during later land confiscations for the mine project demanded proper compensation from Wanbao. The company said that it had offered the farmers money, but that they refused to accept it.
Wanbao also indicated that it would not compensate villagers annually for money they would have otherwise made from crops, because the company leased the land from the government, not the farmers. The year of witnessed further development of China-Myanmar friendly relations characterized by frequent exchanges of high level visits. The frequent exchange of high-level visits between the two countries further promoted the political trust and mutually beneficial cooperations between China and Myanmar.
Aung San Suu Kyi's visit to the Chinese capital 18 August was her first major diplomatic mission since her National League for Democracy party won a historic landslide election in that finally brought an end to five decades of tight-fisted military rule. The Nobel Peace laureate is barred from serving as president under a military-drafted constitution, but held several key posts, including state counselor and foreign minister.
Aung San Suu Kyi was expected to discuss peace talks between her government and ethnic minority rebel forces along the Myanmar-China border. Fighting in the region had sent a flood of refugees into China.
China and Myanmar: When neighbours become good friends | East Asia Forum
For a long time, the buffer zone of autonomous and ethnic regions along the border between Myanmar and China have benefited Chinese commercial interests. Ethnic armed organizations have helped protect the flow of illegal trade of jade and timber through a network of unaccounted stakeholders. China's position on the armed conflicts in northern was a hope that parties involved in the conflicts can exercise restraint and take effective measures to quickly restore and maintain stability in the China-Myanmar border area.
China neither supported the ethnic armed groups to expand the conflicts, nor supported the military to exterminate rebels.