Edoms relationship to israel and judah

The Relations of Edom and Israel

The historical and geographical relations of the two nations may be given. Those of Israel are familiar, those of Edom may be thus indicated: Mount Seir, where. Edom was an ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab to the northeast, the Arabah to the west and the Arabian Desert to the south and east. Most of its former territory is now divided between Israel and Jordan. Edom and Idumea are two related but distinct terms relating to a historically-contiguous. Most of its former territory is now divided between Israel and Jordan. Edom and Idumea are two related but distinct terms relating to a historically-contiguous the Edomites were pushed westward towards southern Judah by nomadic tribes .

Thus, the ancient ethnic element of Edom is the Horites, to whom were later added those descendants of Esau who were from a Western-Semitic origin. This is corroborated by epigraphic sources and archaeological findings.

From Akkadian and Egyptian epigraphic sources it is known that toward the first half of the second millennium B. There is also information about waves of migration of Western-Semitic elements who infiltrated western Asia, including Transjordan, and apparently conquered these territories and defeated the Horite population.

According to biblical tradition, Esau and his descendants first inhabited the land of Canaan Gen. From the archaeological survey of eastern Transjordan conducted by Nelson Glueck the same picture emerges. It appears that the settlement which existed from the 23rd to the 20th centuries B. The blow was final and the destruction, total. The cities were not rebuilt and most of Transjordan became a camping spot for shepherds and nomads until the end of the 14th century B.

The archaeological survey demonstrated that at the end of the 14th and the beginning of the 13th centuries B. Thus, Transjordan was divided into the kingdoms of Edom, Ammon, and Moab, which were separated mainly by the deep and wide natural boundaries of the Zered, Arnon, and Jabbok rivers. These kingdoms underwent a fast development of prosperity and growth, primarily material, from the 13th to the 8th centuries B.

There followed a period of decline which ended in utter destruction in the sixth century B. Biblical Sources These latter comments would have exhausted our knowledge about Edom had the Bible not preserved much information about this kingdom, more so than about any of the other kingdoms neighboring Israel. This great amount of material in the Bible is very valuable from both the historical and historiographical points of view.

Biblical information about Edom may be divided into two types, which are distinctly separable. The first type is the original and authentic material, which apparently originated in Edom itself and somehow made its way to Israel, and which is found mainly in Genesis The second type is information about Edom which is connected with the history of Israel.

These two types of material give a chronological coverage of the two periods of Edom's history see below. The original and authentic material about Edom is from the period before the monarchy was established in Israel it is not intended here to discuss R. This material describes the history of Edom until its conquest by David. On the other hand, the material about Edom which is contained in the Israelite history covers the period of the monarchy in Israel and Judah, and, in fact, beginning with the time of David, the history of Edom is contained within the history of Israel.

History until Its Conquest by David From the information contained in Genesis 36, it may be learned that the Edomites were governed by chiefs allufim and kings in the period which preceded its conquest by David. The question arises as to whether chiefs and kings ruled at one and the same time, the kings being only the most powerful of the chiefs, or whether there were two periods, a first of chiefs and a subsequent one of kings.

It appears that two periods should be distinguished, the "period of the chiefs" and the "period of the kings," typologically paralleling the "period of the judges" and the "period of the monarchy" in Israel. This form of organization was prevalent among nomadic tribes. Actually, only 11 chiefs of Edom are mentioned, but there is reason to accept the opinion that a 12th name, which is found in the Septuagint, was left out.

The tradition of the fold organization in Edom is based on, and confirmed by, the organization of other tribes which are closely related to Edom in terms of race and origin. This fold organization is found among the Nahorites Gen. Noth's opinion that this system is based on "principles such as were customary in tribal societies which were still lacking settled political institutions" Noth, Hist Isr, 87; for details.

Taking as a starting point the conclusion of Nelson Glueck's survey that the Edomites arrived in Edom at the end of the 14th and the beginning of the 13th century B. Actually, the Bible appears to contain information to the contrary, since in the narrative on the Exodus from Egypt and the penetration of Canaan it is told that the Israelites had dealings with the king of Edom Num. It is known, however, that the source for the narrative Num. More authentic evidence from a very early poetic source, the Song of the Sea, testifies that at the time of the Exodus the chiefs were ruling in Edom: There are also sources outside the Bible which confirm this.

Ramses III beginning of the 12th century B. I razed their tents: In any event, it becomes evident from these two Egyptian sources that there was a tribal organization, the population was nomadic, and there was no monarchy. It is not certain whether "kings" were merely judges or tribal chiefs, or whether they were literally kings. Those scholars who hold that they were judges point to the following supporting evidence: Thus, king here means judge this opinion has been expressed by S.

It appears that the second opinion is the correct one, however, and that kings is meant literally. The list of the Edomite kings Details given in this list — though not all the details are given for every king — are the name of the king, his father's name, the name of his city or place of originand an informative comment.

This list includes eight kings. The names of the fathers of four of them are given, and the city or place of origin of seven out of the eight is mentioned.

An informative comment is made about two of them.

Edom - The Israel Bible

The informative comment about Hadad son of Bedad is distinctly historical. It is stated that he "defeated the Midianites in the country of Moab" This list has been analyzed by numerous scholars in an attempt to derive from it information about the history of Edom, its chronology and the possibility of synchronization, its monarchy, and its character. It is clear from this list that the monarchy in Edom was not dynastic. Not one of the kings of Edom is said to be son of the former king.

However, it should not be deduced from this, as has been done by several scholars, that the monarchy was not consistent. Further, it should be pointed out that there was no central authority based in one capital city. The fact that the king's capital or place of origin is mentioned shows that there was no common ruling city for even two of the kings cf. The two informative statements were variously interpreted by scholars. From the statement about Hadad son of Bedad E.

Meyer tried to establish a synchronistic connection with events in Israel, namely that Hadad, who defeated the Midianites, was a contemporary of Gideon who defeated the Midianites. How are the things of Esau searched out! All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: At some point, the west will turn on EDOM! Yet ye Israel say, wherein hast thou loved us? But Esau rebelled against God and vowed to return to Palestine and rebuild. Another Old Testament prophet who speaks of Edom in the latter days is Ezekiel.

Chapters 35 and 36 speak about the bloody characteristics of the Edomites, their envy and hatred of Jacob for being chosen of God Could there be something they want in IRAN?

Hitler had great interest in the treasures of the Ancient Kingdoms. If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: I have not read them, only excerpts from them. Or when will the end of the first or the beginning of the second be?


Did his garments hold some occult power, and did Edom know that? When he killed Nimrod, and took his garments, Esau usurped the spiritual essence of the N.

The following from an interesting man, Rodger Hathaway. If one follows the courses of races in the Bible, one sees that Esau joined with the evil race of Cain.

It was those Jews who manipulated King George to exact outrageous taxation on the new American colonies, along with forcing the King to conduct a slave-trade which the colonists did not want.

They were again subdued by John Hyrcanus about BCby whom they were forced to observe Jewish rites and laws. But the Edomites proved to be a discordant element. The Pharisees gained ascendancy over the Sadducees, and there were so many Edomites in the population at the time of Christ that the land was called Idumea Mark 3: According to The Jewish EncyclopediaVol. More than a million inhabitants of Judea died and 97, were taken captive. Yet Bible prophecy indicates that Edom would be an enemy of Israel in the latter days, and we find that their only connection to a present-day people and religion is with the so-called Jews and Rabbinism, or Judaism.

As the Edomites are accursed of God, we may assume their disappearance from historical records was intentional, for we see that they stole or assumed the identity of another race.

An interesting observation is that the policy of the Illuminati is always to act under another name and a different occupation. The Christians countered the Jewish equation: I may be correct. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: WHO Did God say he loved?

The world was blessed through Judah, and the house of David. Whose feet are they? I think we see HERE some very good clues! He is a friend of publicans and sinners; he receives the ungodly and even eats with them. He is a blasphemer; he talks about God as being his Father and thinks he is equal with God.

He is a lawbreaker. He heals disease on the Sabbath and in many other ways flouts the sacred law of Israel. He is in league with devils. He works wonders and does seeming miracles by the power of Beelzebub, the prince of devils. First, that Jesus agitated sedition.