China-Australia relations | South China Morning Post
In the Middle East, Australian policy objectives broadly coincide with those of to the direct cost of US sanctions and their chilling effect on new trade. guarantee freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea. The future of Australia-China relations: key questions. with resource- producing countries in the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. 1. China and Japan are both highly dependent on Middle Eastern energy seem to impact their respective political moves there more than the reverse. Why a strong Japan–Australia relationship matters by Tomohiko Satake.
Beijing has been proudly boasting of its position as a new world power. Beijing has been doing all it can to expand its status as a maritime power. But it will be powerful enough to project significant power wherever it desires. At its heart is the island of Guam. It is a US territory and major defence facility. The free compact states of Palau, the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia all operate under a post-war agreement with the US, allowing a base on the Marshall Islands and the veto over any military access by any other nation.
But Beijing is determined — and persistent. While isolated, Australia is highly dependent on its shipping lanes to the northeast and northwest. The two largest are in the Indian Ocean. In the west, our trade funnels past Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia. If there is trouble in the Indian Ocean, exports from Western Australia — such as gas and iron ore — would have to take a long detour through the Tasman Sea.
The Solomon Islands has recently signed a security treaty with Australia. Security partnership understandings have been negotiated with Tuvalu and Nauru. Kiribati is in talks.
Australia has also been showing the flag. One of our new helicopter-carrying assault ships, HMS Adelaide, joined three other warships on a 13 week Indo-Pacific Endeavour exercise. Just in case our Pacific partners had forgotten.
This would mitigate the risk of China gaining access to dual-use facilities in these nations in return for debt reduction, while safeguarding the sovereignty of these independent nations. Beijing is looking for similar island bases in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. After a military coup, Australia — among others — imposed sanctions on Fiji until it returned to democratic rule. China places no value in such systems of government. So it stepped in, offering loans for infrastructure projects built by Chinese labourers.
Its military officers have also been invited to China to attend training courses. Beijing is increasingly pressuring this island nation to repay its debts. Earlier this year, Prime Minister Turnbull promised the Solomons and Papua New Guinea that Australia would pay for a new undersea internet cable in order to brush aside the state-controlled Chinese telco giant Huawei, as well as relieve the island nations of the financial burden.
That amounted to 43 per cent of its annual GDP. Previously, Tonga has said it may have to seek a write-off of this burden by allowing Beijing to establish a naval base on the island.
Both Vanuatu and China denied any such proposal had been made. But Prime Minister Turnbull sounded unconvinced: The number of ships and submarines it has stationed there has been steadily growing. But China needs more. Chief on its shopping list are major airfields capable of supporting its long-range reconnaissance aircraft and bombers. It also needs submarine support facilities and logistics infrastructure extending from the northeastern Indian Ocean to the west.
InBeijing opened its first overseas military facility. This is in Djibouti on the shores of the troubled Red Sea. This archipelago in the central Indian Ocean underwent a coup earlier this year, installing Abdulla Yameen - who has been implicated in several corruption scandals and is seen as a close friend of Beijing - as president.
But elections this week has seen him deposed.
How the Maldives will pay for a major Chinese-funded and built airstrip, and an equally ambitious bridge project, is yet to be seen. A naval base on the Indian Ocean side of the chokepoint Malacca Strait would give China the ability to project power across the region and the Bay of Bengal. Beijing has built a new port at Kyaukpyu — and taken a 70 per cent controlling stake in it after Myanmar defaulted on repayments. China is in advanced talks with Pakistan to build a base on the Arabian Sea, near the city of Gwadar.
A controlling 70 per cent stake, along with a year-lease, in the port of Hambantota has been given to a state-run Chinese company in an effort to pay-down the burden. This port sits close to the major Indian Ocean sea lanes. China is pushing Thailand for the construction of a km canal on the scale of Panama, linking the South China Sea with the Bay of Bengal and bypassing the crowded Strait of Malacca.
India fears the economically unviable Kra Canal will quickly fall under the control of Beijing, dramatically improving its ability to influence the balance of power in the Indian Ocean. Thailand, under pressure from all sides, is yet to accept — or reject — the project. President Donald Trump has cast doubt on the U. After mere days in office, Trump threatened to renege on a deal the U.
5 things to know about China and Australia’s economic ties | World Economic Forum
Shortly after, Washington pulled out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a nation trade deal that included Australia. The situation in North Korea — its nuclear weapons program and the threat that poses to the U.
But domestic issues have made U. Two Strategies To help manage its relationships with China and the United States, the Australian government is pursuing two strategies. Regarding China, Canberra is keeping the focus heavily on business ties.
- Are Japan and China competing in the Middle East?
- Australian Outlook
- China almost has Australia surrounded. But its debt-trap diplomacy has been exposed
During and after the financial crisis, Australia pulled back from antagonizing China. As for the United States, the Australian government has demonstrated a willingness to expand its security relationship with the U. Such moves show commitment to the United States while at the same time strengthening defense ties with other nations. As Beijing continues to encroach on the South China Sea — which Australia is less reliant on due to its geographic position — Australia needs to maintain open trade flows and therefore must have a security alliance capable of ensuring sea lanes remain accessible.
That means it still needs the United Statesbut it is increasingly also looking to regional allies for support, should U. For Australia, the dilemma ultimately comes down to the fact that its key security partner is at odds with its top economic partner.
This is a relatively new scenario for Australia, since up until its top trade partners were also aligned with its top security partners.
Then, from aboutJapan replaced the U.
5 things to know about China and Australia’s economic ties
InChina assumed the title. On the security side, Australia initially used its colonial ties to rely on the U. Economy It is not uncommon to see nations re-evaluate their partnerships to make sure national interests are still being served by them.