Our bilateral relationship with Iran stands on its own: India - The Economic Times
NEW DELHI: Less than three weeks before the first wave of US sanctions against Iran kicks in, India today made it clear that its bilateral. US-Iran nuclear concerns in s were same as in Joint President Gerald R. Ford and the Shah of Iran confer over a map during the and the degree of mistrust that has characterized their relations, Iran and its Not long after the Indian "peaceful nuclear explosion," the Shah of Iran caused a. India and Iran have agreed to step up cooperation in combatting extremism, terrorism and drug trafficking and restoring peace and stability in war-wracked Afghanistan. President Donald Trump has threatened to scuttle an international deal reached with Iran in Ford recalls , pickup trucks.
Both India and Iran want to see a peaceful, stable Afghanistan, Modi said at a joint press conference with Rouhani, underscoring New Delhi's focus on Kabul. An official joint statement also referred to "strengthening India-Iran-Afghanistan trilateral consultations". The three nations had signed a trilateral transit agreement during Modi's visit to Tehran in May Trade ties between the two countries have been dominated by Indian import of Iranian crude oil.
India is the second largest buyer of Iranian crude after China. Uncertainty over the nuclear deal Rouhani's three-day trip — the first by an Iranian president in 10 years — comes after his country witnessed one of its biggest protests in years over economic woes. The uncertainty over the fate of the nuclear deal Tehran signed with the West in poses a big challenge to Indian foreign policy.
Donald Trumpthe US president, has decertified the deal that promised to lift crippling economic sanctions in return for limiting the country's controversial nuclear programme. In a big diplomatic boost, however, Tehran was able to get New Delhi's backing on the nuclear deal, after India "reaffirmed its support for full and effective implementation" of the deal.
It is ridiculous," he said. China and Russia won't accept it, and so India will have to carefully nuance its stand because it would not want to rub the US the wrong way either. It will also dampen India's ardour to invest in Iran," Joshi said.
Israelone of the closest US allies in the region, has also been vocal against the nuclear deal, and considers the Shia government in Tehran its biggest security threat.
Last week, it bombed what it called Iranian military bases inside Syria. But Sujata Ashwarya, author of "India-Iran Relations", says India's bilateral interests in the region "serve distinct sets of interests.
Sectarian strife Syria has been wracked by violence after a largely peaceful uprising against President Bashar al-Assad 's regime regressed into bloody conflict, involving regional powers and a proxy war.Key facts on India-Iran relations
Iran's backing of Assad, Houthi rebels in Yemen and the armed Hezbollah group in Lebanon have heightened tension with Sunni countries in the region. One of the biggest challenges for India is to negotiate the newly emerging faultlines in the region, said Aishwarya. But what about India-Iran foreign relations? The often-overlooked bilateral relations between India and Iran are not only fascinating, but provide a prism by which to view and understand a host of other shifting geostrategic relationships across the whole of Asia.
Until the partition of the sub-continent and creation of Pakistan inIndia and Iran had long shared a common border as neighbours, with cultural and linguistic ties between the two ancient civilizations going back thousands of years. Indeed, the legacy of Persian influence on Mughal architecture stands to this day in major structures from Lahore to New Delhi, not the least of which includes the famous Taj Mahal. Shortly after Indian independence, the two countries established formal diplomatic relations in However, during the early decades of the Cold War, India was aligned with the Soviet Union while Iran, under the Shah, was aligned with the US, which dampened their bilateral relations.
Following the revolution in Iran, India-Iran foreign relations remained strained as Iran supported Pakistan in the long-standing India-Pakistan rivalry, while India supported Iraq during the Iran—Iraq war in the s.
Iran and India sign deal to deepen relations
But following the end of the Cold War in the s, bilateral relations between India and Iran improved, and the two nations signed a defense cooperation agreement in Even as relations improved, however, the countries have disagreed over the NATO occupation in Afghanistan, which India supports and Iran opposes, and over Iranian attempts to build a nuclear programme, which India opposes.
Yet, despite these differences, overall diplomatic and economic relations between India and Iran have improved and deepened in the new millennium. While the US has considered Iran an adversary since the Islamic revolution overthrew the pro-US regime under the Shah, it considers India as an important strategic ally, particularly in efforts to contain the growing power of China.
The US became closer to India following a breakthrough civilian nuclear energy deal under which India agreed to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities.
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The deal saw India agree to place all its civil nuclear facilities under the supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA in exchange for US cooperation in developing its civil nuclear energy programme although the deal has been delayed over concerns about liability in the event of a nuclear accident and the financial troubles of the US nuclear energy giant, Westinghouse.
The US and India became even closer inwhen they signed a year defense agreement that opened the way for huge US military hardware sales to India in exchange for India providing the US military access to its harbours, airfields and bases.
Meanwhile US relations with Iran over the last decade have deteriorated. Inthe US led an effort at the UN to impose international economic sanctions against Iran after it refused to suspend its uranium enrichment programme. Following this, India was pressured by the US to curtail its purchases of Iranian crude oil, despite its dependence on such imports.