I am going to use the term “human environment” to describe the space which surrounds human movement, work, habitation, rest and interaction — towns and . However, the environment of man consists of both natural and manmade substances and conditions in which and by means of which human society satisfies its. In the beginning of the process of evolution of man and his society Physical elements of earth formed man's environment, with the evolution of.
In his book, Regarding Nature, Andrew McLaughlin identifies industrialism and the capitalist mindset as being especially influential on our regard for nature: Further causing a perceived division from nature is the economic structure we have allowed to infect most of the world. Our relationship with nature has now become purely economic. We do not associate ourselves as a part of nature because we use it for profit.
Forests are cut down for the profits of the lumber industry and to make room for livestock.
Animals that we are undoubtedly related to, that have senses and the ability to socialize are slaughtered by the billions to feed an increasingly carnivorous population. Resources such as oil and food are all unevenly distributed throughout the world and therefore used as a platform for profit. All the while the environment bears the grunt of our greed. In order to reconstruct our views of nature and understand our place within it, it is important to reconsider our relationship with each other and our surroundings.
We have to consider ourselves as part of a bigger picture. Industry and capitalism rely heavily on ignorance and individualism. However, the reality is that we are all dependent upon each other in one way or another.
Time for Change Humans play a vital role in nature just like everything else. What separates us from nature though, is the ability to understand our place within it. This cognitive capacity of ours has historically been the cause of a perceived division between man and nature. However, in order to achieve a sustainable future in which humans assume a more natural role and have less of an impact it is imperative that we reconsider our role and relationship with nature. A change in the way we regard nature has obvious political, economic, and social repercussions, but our cognitive ability obliges us to reevaluate our position in the world rather than continue to degrade it.
There are a number of ways in which we can begin to reconsider our relationship with nature, but all of which require an enormous effort. Through a universal education curriculum, it is possible to encourage people everywhere to consider themselves as part of a larger picture. By teaching people about the environment, evolution, and ecology, we can provide them with the tools for change.
Lewis Mumford imagined a social revolution brought about by a change in values through educational reform: In order to bring about necessary change it is critical that people take action.
Through a universal environmental education program it is possible to galvanize people into forming new ideas and opinions of the world and to understand their place within it. A universal education program would go a long way in encouraging change in how we view each other and our environment. Changing attitudes are a primary component in achieving a sustainable future — one in which nature is allowed to run its course without human intervention.
Relationship between Man and Environment
Gregg Easterbrook discusses a similar future in his The Ecorealist Manifesto: In order for the Earth to retain its balance, it is important that we not overstep our bounds as a species. This requires a universal effort to reevaluate our relationship with nature and make adjustments as needed.
Conclusion After thousands of years of societal evolution, we find ourselves at the peak of technology and pollution. We are already seeing the effects of our industrial ways through the extinction of species, the melting of glaciers, and the destruction of the landscape. Our recognition of these effects suggests that our role in nature is far more influential than it should be.
Therefore it is necessary that we make major changes and that we make them soon. Our role within nature should be one of subsistence rather than commercialization.
We have exploited the world for too long and the consequences of doing so are everywhere. As everything is related to everything, we have no right to infringe on the livelihood of any other species. In fact, our cognitive ability and understanding of nature obliges us to maintain the integrity of the environment. So we must change how we influence the land. We must respect the natural order of things and find a way to live accordingly.
Although a change in attitudes would require a complete overhaul of our current economic and political structures, it is something that must be done. As history shows, if we continue to encourage expansion and development it is very likely that we will see major effects in climate and ecology. We have seen the destructive nature of industrialism and capitalism. We can predict and measure the effects of our actions on the environment.
We know we are headed in the wrong direction and we are expecting major consequences. Industrialism and Deep Ecology. State University of New York, Financial losses associated with natural hazards are highest among the developed countries, such as the USA, where natural hazard losses exceed those of many other national social problems, including fire and crime. In the developing world, in contrast, the costs are largely measured in terms of human suffering and hardship.
Relationship between Man and Environment
Many low-income populations are forced to occupy illegal settlements on low-lying lands, steep hillsides, floodplains or other hazard-prone areas. They are very vulnerable to significant health risks from flooding, landslides, mud slides and other natural hazards, and their dwellings and infrastructure are subject to accidents, massive damage and collapse Fig. Three technological advancements of man were highly detrimental to environment—especially air, land and water.
These opened the floodgate of anthropogenic pollution of air, water and land and threatening the very existence of life on mother earth. With the development of religious concepts several religions—particularly Judaism, Christianity and Islam—viewed the created order as existing for human exploitation.
Our Role and Relationship With Nature | Environmental Topics and Essays
In the Vedic literature, mother earth is personified as the Goddess Bhumi or Prithvi. The abundant mother showers her mercy on her children. In Buddhism, there is very strong emphasis on how we should relate to the natural world—for example, there is a prohibition on animal slaughter.
Religious-ethical sanctions encouraged human activities leading to large scale degradation of the environment without any consideration for sustaining the abiotic and biotic elements of the ecosystem. Some of the important ones are: Over-Exploitation of Natural Resources: Mining of earth resources, large scale urbanisation, network of roadways were built at the cost of fertile agriculture or forest lands.
Inundation of millions of acres of land, villages and human settlements by dams and hydroelectric projects are glaring examples of the cost of human progress.
A rough estimate indicate that out of a total global production of 7. Intervention with Biogeochemical Cycles: C, O2, N2, P, S and trace element cycles maintaining the steady state environmental conditions and, therefore, sustaining life on earth, have been drastically interfered by man for need as well as greed. Pollution of the Environment: Anthropogenic pollution of air, water and land has taken colossal dimensions. Man is constantly increasing the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Comfort seeking modern humans are paving the way of O3 layer depletion through CFCs. Man is dumping industrial and city sewage wastes into lakes, rivers and seas. Toxic chemicals used in modern agriculture for combating pests, diseases and weeds plus synthetic fertilizers are silently killing useful microbes maintaining the biogeochemical cycles, useful insects, birds, butterflies of the forests and fishes in the streams and lakes.
- Our Role and Relationship With Nature
At least five activities of man may lead to global cataclysm killing all life on the earth: Continuous Greenhouse Gas Emission: Hazardous Chemicals of Agriculture and Industry: More thanXenobiotic chemicals are now being used. Many of these are recalcitrant compounds. They are accumulating in the environment causing threat of cancer epidemics and total extinction of birds, fishes, butterflies, bees and trillions of soil microbes essential for geo-chemical cycles.
Several countries possess nuclear bombs with efficient delivery system for target sites.
If 10 of megaton bombs are exploded in different parts of the world, whole fabrics of life-forms including man will be extinct. Nuclear wastes generated in reactors are real threat to life on earth.