Representation of madness in Kesey's One flew over the cuckoo's nest
main characters: Randle Patrick McMurphy and Nurse Ratched. This struggle . ―Mr. McMurphy, the purpose of this meeting is therapy, group therapy, and .. Another power relationship which is developed in the novel could be called ―the . Why does Nurse Ratched petition against making McMurphy a martyr in Part attack, holler charge and stomp up and down a minute, take a couple steps, and quit. Why does Harding compare electroshock therapy with the electric chair in . Reader #1-Nurse Ratched and McMurphy both have very different Tension usually never works out in a relationship and can cause the two people to become.
The insanity lies in the standardisation of behaviour and emotion that the impersonal institution obliges her to submit to, depriving her of the possibility to be true to herself. Of the famous fourteen inches? McMurphy may value individual identity over imposed identity, but he is himself incredibly restricted by conventional masculine expectations. Nor does McMurphy appear to behave himself in a way that corresponds to a true self.
Nurse Ratched Control Mcmurphy Patients
Again, this glimpse of a different McMurphy in the dark, demonstrates how his true self is hidden underneath his efforts to conform to a certain image. Fick likens McMurphy to a modern superhero but makes a distinction: In other words, McMurphy is not able to manoeuvre between his public and private selves: Although to a lesser degree than Nurse Ratched, McMurphy, too, appears to conform to external and thus oppressive pressures placed upon him by his peers.
In doing so, he loses his individuality and consequently risks his own sanity. Patterns of Masculine and Feminine Initiation, Illinois: Open Court Publishing Company,p.
He both participates in the discourse of madness as a member of the institution, and simultaneously, by pretending to be mute and deaf, avoids active participation in the discourse. This becomes evident when Bromden begins to explain his memories: This escape implies that Bromden actively revolts and breaks free of institutional control. However, it is possible to establish temporary points of resistance that allow us to negotiate our status within these power relations and, at least provisionally, challenge its binary classifications.
He achieves his individuality, and by extension his sanity, by asserting himself as a decision-maker. It could be interpreted as referring to his physical absence from the Columbian gorge: Bromden has escaped the oppressive forces of the Institution in order to literally go home.
However, the statement could also be interpreted as a mental absence from society. Despite his physical freedom, the ambiguity of the last line suggests that Bromden may not have fully escaped the psychological impact of the institution. In suggesting that even characters who transcend the binaries seem unable to fully escape the social trap of conformity, it raises doubt over the possibility of true individuality and complete sanity as an achievable goal.
While it does indeed demonstrate how instrumental rationality, and by extension, conformity, leads to the end of the individual and consequently, sanity, the novel goes further than this. It demonstrates that the psychological project of modernity, to find a true self or be a normal mind is out of reach because we are all constructed through social conventions and, inevitably, live through them.
All we can do, perhaps, is move between them. Cambridge Uiversity Press, Hochschild, The Managed Heart, Berkeley: University of California Press, Open Court Publishing Company, By Daphne Milner T McMurphy then begins to fall in line with the others.
He does not speak up at any more meetings and does not cause any more problems for Nurse Ratched, who has regained her control. She tries to make use of her regained control, by shutting down the tub room as a punishment for the World Series incident. McMurphy has an epiphany after he hears this. He realizes that he must regain control over the nurse.
He realizes he must do this not just to spite her, but because no one else ever has stood up to her, because they are too afraid of her. His first act after his epiphany renews the intense war for control between Nurse Ratched and himself. McMurphy takes a stand for the rights of the patients while risking the possibility of his release from the institution. He sarcastically justifies his actions by saying that the glass was so clean that he completely forgot it was there.
Through his strength, McMurphy single handedly makes the men realize that they are not too weak to take control over their lives and to stand up to Nurse Ratched. He starts to recover their control by influencing more of the patients to take part in his rebellion. He uses his control over the men to give them back control over their lives. His actions influence others to do the same. McMurphy creates a basketball team, and before Nurse Ratched can dissolve the team, Dr.
Spivey acts to keep the team. McMurphy organizes a fishing trip for the patients. Nurse Ratched again tries to influence the patients so that they will reverse decision, but again she fails to win the small battles of control. McMurphy even throws an after hours party for the patients. During the party, McMurphy and Candy Starr make a break through with Billy who discovers that he is in control of his own life.
McMurphy does not teach the patients to take a stand for purely unselfish reasons. He has other ulterior motives, such as making a profit out the fishing trip, but these other motives do not outweigh his main motive of helping the other patients. This is the reason he does not make his escape during the party, because he worries Nurse Ratched will regain control if he escapes. Nurse Ratched arrives in the morning after the party to find her patients hung over and her most controllable patient, Billy Bibbit, in bed with Candy Starr.
Nurse Ratched tries to use her control over Billy against him by threatening to expose the events to his mother. This plan disastrously backfires as Billy commits suicide. Playing with human lives — gambling with human lives — as if you thought yourself to be a God! He believes that he controls Nurse Ratched and he must make a final stand for all the patients. He does not realize that he lost control over the ward when Billy died. He attacks her and succeeds in literally exposing what she really is to the other men, which permanently takes away what little control over the others that the Nurse still possessed.
McMurphy believes that his control over Nurse Ratched is now absolute. This drastically distorted perception of his control falls apart, as his victory does not come without a tremendous price. He is taken away and lobotomized. McMurphy loses as much, if not more control than Nurse Ratched lost. When he returns to ward, Nurse Ratched puts him on display in a hopeless attempt to reinstall her control and fear into the hearts of the patients.
Although he received the harshest punishment imaginable, McMurphy showed the other patients that it was possible to beat the seemingly invincible Big Nurse. McMurphy helped change the lives of most of the men on the ward, when it seemed they were in a situation were change was not possible. McMurphy is a character, which uses his control for noble purposes by rebelling against a controlling authority system, so that others can regain control over their lives. Charles Isherwood gives the perfect description of her character: This demand for controlling others is so great in her mind that she believes that her corrupt and malicious use of her control over the men is justified.
Her perceptions of her amount of control at this point in the novel are accurate. Her patients are terrified of her. She is a force that influences all her patients to accept her control. This demonstrates the major problem that most of the patients face: She is able to this because of the fear she has installed in the patients. In the simplest terms, Ratched controls through fear.
Nurse Ratched - Wikipedia
They know that if they do not let Nurse Ratched control their lives, there will be consequences. They all fear that she will retaliate by giving them an Electro-shock therapy EST treatment. Her other effective method of controlling the men is through the group therapy meetings.
These meetings begin with Nurse Ratched selecting a patient and humiliating him by describing his personal, sexual, and psychological problems. As a further embarrassment, Nurse Ratched asks the other patients to comment on the problems she has described. This method is effective and works like clockwork until McMurphy begins to question her methods. Nurse Ratched recognizes McMurphy as a threat after the first time they meet.
He disobeys his first orders from the black boys to have his temperature taken. Other incidents such as the World Series prove to her that he is dangerous to the domineering control she exerts over the others.