China–Nepal relations - Wikipedia
Tibet, which shares a 1,km border with Nepal, plays a particularly important role in the Chinese government's desire for better relations with. When discussing relation between Nepal and China, India automatically comes into Nepal's historical relations with China (and Tibet) have been shaped by. The relationship between Nepal and Tibet are centuries old, with the Sherpa people, the Gurung people.
Dangerous Crossing — Updatep Nepal is a portal to freedom in exile for these Tibetans. Three members of the group were suffering from frostbite, and their guide had been injured in a fall. The police officers had no interpreter, but reportedly indicated to the group that they could not enter Nepal and had to return.
The group refused to move and stayed put until it began to get dark. The police then proposed that they go together to their station for the night. The guide advised the group that some should try to escape, get to Kathmandu and inform the reception centre that police were threatening to deport their companions.
They walked for several hours through the dark to the police post, and four of them went missing along the way. The police went looking for the missing people, without success.
On arrival at the post, the remaining 17 were locked up in a farm building. Later that night, police came in and searched them. The next day January 14 police escorted the group back towards the Tibet border.Road from China(Tibet) to Nepal -- China Nepal highway -- Distance from Nepal to China
As they neared the border, and the Tibetans recognised they were returning the way they had come, they sat down and refused to move. The standoff went on until evening, when the police agreed to return to the police post.
They walked back in the dark, and two more went missing along the way. The police were unable to find them. The group of 15 was confined in the same building for the night, and given a little food.
The building was not a secure one, and during the night some members of the group made a hole in the wall, and several of them escaped. Some police came and discovered what had happened, lost their temper and beat the remaining detainees with sticks.
On January 15, the group was walked down the valley into Nepal by police. They spent the night along the way, and two more managed to escape in the dark. The next day they reached the road and were handed over to another group of police.
By afternoon they were put on a bus and taken to the nearest town, where they spent the night in a detention facility in the police station.
On January 17, they were driven to Kathmandu and handed over to Nepal Immigration. In the past, UNHCR had sent numerous missions to border areas to train border police in the smooth management of this procedure. Although the UNHCR has not continued these missions, it has stepped up its interventions with immigration authorities in Kathmandu in order to seek assurances of protection of Tibetans in transit. Although Nepal is not a signatory to international refugee conventions, the forcible return or refoulement of refugees to a place where their lives or freedoms could be threatened violates a fundamental norm of international law.
In at least two incidents so far this year, Chinese officials have visited Tibetans held by the immigration department in cases that are being overseen by UNHCR. In one case, a group of 17 Tibetans were being held for investigation by immigration in January after they were apprehended in the border area of Nepal.
These Tibetans, from a border area of Tibet in Shigatse Chinese: Xigaze prefecture, were not seeking to escape from Tibet, but to visit relatives in Nepal. Over the years this has been common-place but on this occasion the group was stopped and detained. One of the group told ICT: He asked some questions but we do not understand Chinese.
A Chinese man took photos of us. But he did not say anything to us. The group of 17 was the third group of Tibetans to be detained entering Nepal who the Nepalese police or immigration authorities have publicly threatened with potential deportation.
The first group was escaping from Tibet, while the later two were border residents who exceeded the 30 km limit on cross border travel, and were visiting Nepal with the intention of returning home soon. Increased police presence in border areas and sensitivity over Tibetan new arrivals due to Chinese pressure seems to mean that such people can no longer come and go as they used to.
There have been unusual spikes, and since March, there has been a dramatic decline in numbers, as means of control and security crackdowns have solidified across Tibet, including in the Tibet-Nepal border region. Only Tibetans arrived safely at the Kathmandu reception center inand the total for was Following the crackdown in Tibet from March, onwards, Tibetan exiles in Kathmandu engaged in a series of almost daily protests for several months.
Inthese protests continued less regularly.
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Planned seven-day prayer vigils in the main Tibetan community centers were prevented, and police in riot gear were deployed in Tibetan communities. During this period, the security presence around the Tibetan Refugee Reception Center in Kathmandu was visible. ICT report, An uncertain welcome: This year, the Chinese authorities again stepped up pressure on the Nepal government in the buildup to the March 10 anniversary.
The report said Rawal, accompanied by the chiefs of Nepal Police, Armed Police and state intelligence agency National Investigation Department, would discuss security cooperation along the Tibet-Nepal border areas with his Chinese counterpart.
At the Kathmandu airport, planes bound for Lhasa were grounded on the tarmac on March 5 as the Tibet Autonomous Region was effectively closed to foreign tourists until after March 10, and the border crossing between Tibet and Nepal at the Friendship Bridge was effectively closed for this period.
ICT monitors reported that in the week prior to March 10, Nepalese police started searching guest-houses almost every night in the Boudhanath area — which is the main centre of the Tibetan community in Kathmandu.
Claude Arpi: The Nepal-Tibet relationship
A site of religious pilgrimage for centuries, the Boudha stupa is ringed by Tibetan stalls, shops and temples, and many Tibetan Buddhist monasteries are located in the immediate vicinity. One of the Tibetans told ICT: They did not give us time to ask why; they were using wooden sticks and started beating us.
They were very aggressive. At the police station, they locked us in a cell for the rest of the night. They started asking us about our identity cards and where we were going. They thought we were going to do a protest. They searched our bodies but found no evidence such as a Tibetan national flag.
Later we managed to contact our families and friends. According to HURON, which expressed concern about the number of detentions in a statement on February 15, many of those were accused of illegally entering and living in Nepal without proper documentation.
Five of the 29 were detained in a search of the Boudhanath Guest House in the Boudhanath area in the middle of the night. On March 7, Thrinley Gyatso, a prominent member of the Tibetan exile community in Nepal, was taken to the Home Ministry by Nepalese police for questioning about Tibetan activities for the anniversary.
Thrinley Gyatso gave the following detailed account to ICT about what happened after he received a call from a Nepalese police officer about plans by the Tibetan community for March He told ICT that he invited the police officer to the office, where he arrived with around six fully armed police in a van. The police officer said that Thrinley Gyatso was required to accompany them to the Hanuman Dhoka police station, which is also a detention center.
Thrinley Gyatso says that he told his staff to alert the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and others, and he was taken in the van to the police station at nearby Durbar Marg. So the police took me away from the police station to meet the Chief District Officer at the Home Ministry, who asked what our program was for March 10 Uprising Day.
I told him about the official program at Boudha and Samtenling Monastery, saying that the Tibetan community gathers at 9. I told them every detail of the official program, and they asked about whether people would demonstrate from March 14 onwards [the second anniversary of the day that peaceful protests turned to rioting in Lhasa for a short period].
He told me that I had to take full responsibility for demonstrations in or near the restricted area around the Chinese embassy, and said that: On March 22, the Supreme Court of Nepal ordered the Nepalese government to release the three Tibetans, ruling that the detention was against Section 3 1 of the Public Offense Act, ICT has also received indications that there are concerns among the professional elite in Nepal about the level of Chinese influence in their country.
ICT monitors on the ground reported that it was virtually impossible to get anywhere near the Chinese embassy for the last weeks of February and early March.
One senior Nepalese police officer was quoted as saying: They will be immediately arrested and handed over to the Department of Immigration for deportation. ICT monitors also learned that Nepalese police officers who were transferring Tibetans from one jail to another after a peaceful protest in March taunted them by saying that they were taking them to the Chinese embassy. The riot gear was new and provided by the Chinese authorities, according to informed sources in Kathmandu.
They were held until the next day. It is difficult to say, but though there are apparently no links, it is sure that infiltration of the Communist forces had begun in Himalayas. Retrospectively, one understand that it was difficult for Nepal to intervene in Tibet, so legally the Himalayan Kingdom was bound to do so. At a minimum, Palestine appears set for recognition by the General Assembly as a nonmember state, on par with sovereign Vatican City, which will be an important step forward for Palestine from its current observer status.
At the time, Nepal explicitly recognized Tibet as an independent country, including in its official application to the United Nations. This fact, which we explore below, recalls the strong historical ties between the peoples of Nepal and Tibet. The domineering presence of the PRC in Nepalese affairs is a relatively recent disruption that cannot erase from historical memory the enduring Nepali and Tibetan relations across the Himalayas.
You can download the copy at http: The Diplomatic Relations of Nepal with the United Kingdom have already been described in paragraph 4 e above. In addition, Nepal has established diplomatic relations with the following countries: As a practical and political matter, this cover-up worked. As a legal matter, however, the treaty is shaky. This legal argument will not have much practical effect now, but it might be revived at an opportune time in the future.
It is a question of national dignity for both Nepalis and Tibetans. For the Chinese government to try to change or cover over this history is an affront to the Nepalese people, and an act of historical imperialism.
The Nepalese people should not be bullied into denying their own national history. On September 22, the day before the Palestinian U. What made this act particularly notable was it was done despite the tremendous pressure China exerted on tiny Nepal. Much has been written about how the Palestinian quest for statehood is in part a reaction to the indignities of life under occupation. If we were Nepalese -- even if we cared nothing about the 23 Tibetans -- we would be happy that our government stood up for the dignity of its people and refused to be dictated to by Beijing.