Symbiotic Relationships Cards - PDF
jingle-bells.info http:// jingle-bells.info antelope, and many other herd species. A symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit. An oxpecker will perch on the backs of rhinoceros' and feed. If both organisms benefit, the relationship is called mutualism. If one of and feed on The red-billed oxpecker has a symbiotic relationship with impala antelope.
This provides protection to the clownfish and the clownfish also feeds on the food scraps of the sea anemone.
Cattle Egret and Cattle or Horses The cattle egret follows cattle or horses and preys on the insects the animals stir up as they graze. Golden Jackals and Tigers If a golden jackal is expelled from its pack, it may attach itself to a particular tiger, trailing it at a safe distance and then feeding on the tiger s kills.Oxpecker – Hero or Villain? - WILD NATURE
Birds and Army Ants Some birds follow army ant raids on forest floors. When the army ant colony travels along the forest floor, it stirs up numerous flying insects.
What Is the Relationship Between an Oxpecker & a Bison?
As the insects flee from the army ants, the birds following the ants catch the insects. Orchids and Trees Orchids grow on the trunks or branches of the trees.
They receive light they need and nutrients that run down along the trees. The orchids do not affect the trees. Mosses and Trees Mosses can grow on the trunks or branches of trees. They get light they need as well as nutrients that run down along the trees.
The mosses do not affect the trees. Goby Fish and Sea Urchins The goby fish live amongst the sea urchins and are provided protection from their predators. Man-of-War Fish and Portuguese Man of War Jellyfish The man-of-war fish lives amongst the Portuguese man-of-war jellyfish and are provided protection from their predators.
Pearl Fish and Sea Cucumber The pearl fish spends its day in the intestines of the sea cucumber and emerges at night to feed on small crustaceans. This does not appear to harm the sea cucumber.
Mutualism Cards Ostrich and Gazelle Ostriches and gazelles feed next to each other. They both watch for predators and alert each other to danger. Because the visual abilities of the two species are different, they each can identify threats that the other animal would not see as readily.
Yucca Plant and Yucca Moth Yucca flowers are pollinated by yucca moths. The moths lay their eggs in the flowers where the larvae hatch and eat some of the developing seeds. Oxpecker and Rhinoceros Oxpeckers feed on the ticks found on a rhinoceros. In addition, if they sense danger, the oxpecker will fly up and scream out as a warning to the rhinoceros. Honey Guide Bird and Badger Honey guide birds alert and direct badgers to beehives.
The badgers then expose the hives and feed on the honey first. Then, the honey guide birds eat. Boxer Crab and Anemone The boxer crab carries a pair of small anemones in its claws. When a predator approaches, it waves the anemones around which presents its stinging tentacles and deters the predator.
The anemones get small particles of food from the crab when it eats. The alpheid shrimp has bad vision, so it is vulnerable to predators when above ground. The goby fish stands guard at the entrance of the burrow and will flick its tail to signal the shrimp that it is safe to come out. The goby fish gets a burrow to live in while the shrimp is warned of predators.
Bees and Flowers Bees fly around to various flowers and gather nectar, which they use to make food. When a bee lands on a flower, it gets some pollen on its hairy body.
Oxpeckers and Herbivores: Why they need each other | Sun Safaris
Then, when the bee lands on the next flower, some of the pollen from the first flower rubs off, pollinating the plant. Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plants The mycorrhizal fungus invades the roots of some plants and gets nutrients from the plant. The fungus helps the plant absorb inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus from the soil. Some fungi also secrete antibiotics, which can help protect the plant from parasitic fungi and bacteria.
Anemone Hermit Crab and Anemones Biology The crab attaches several anemones to its shell using them as camouflage and as a deterrent to potential predators.
Oxpeckers and Herbivores: Why they need each other
The anemones have a mobile home and get more exposure to food than if they remained stationary. Spider Crab and Algae Spider crabs live in shallow areas of the ocean floor. Greenishbrown algae lives on the crab s back, helping the crabs blend in with their environment, which makes them less noticeable to predators. The algae are provided with a good place to live while the crab receives camouflage. Honeypot Ants and Aphids The honeypot ants get food by stroking the aphid for their sweet honeydew secretions.
The ants provide protection for the aphid by aggressively fighting off predators such as ladybugs.
BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Parasitism and mutualism
Algae and Fungi Lichen Algae and fungi can live together, forming lichen. The algae produce carbohydrates through photosynthesis, providing nutrients to both the algae and the fungi.
The fungi provide moisture for the algae. Otters and Kelp Otters float and sleep on forests of kelp in the water. The kelp provides them a place to anchor in the moving water.
There is some debate as to whether the relationship between the oxpecker and its host truly is symbiotic, or whether the oxpecker is semi-parasitic. Cape Buffalo Benefits A bison -- in Africa this ox-like creature is known as the Cape buffalo -- that is serving as host to the oxpecker does receive some benefits, although the overall merit is speculative. Ticks and other insects feasting on the buffalo are removed by the oxpecker.
Oxpeckers leave no crevice untouched, and will even work their ways into their hosts ears to remove insects, earwax and parasites. In addition, the oxpecker will eat diseased wound tissue, keeping wounds clean as they heal. Oxpeckers also will hiss when they become alarmed, and can alert their host --who is a prey mammal-- to potential danger.
- Symbiotic Relationships Cards
- Parasitism and mutualism
Oxpecker Benefits The oxpecker will spend his entire life on his hosts, except for nesting, which occurs in cavities of trees. In this relationship, the part of the oxpecker is obligate; he is dependent upon the host as a source of food. In addition to the meals he receives every day, the oxpecker also is protected from many predators while on the relative safety of the host. Oxpeckers consume dandruff and scar tissue, and have been known to open up wounds on their host to eat the blood and scabs, potentially slowing the healing process.