US-Pakistan Relations Worsen as Both Sides Dig In
American and Afghan officials accuse Pakistan's powerful military In past cases when relations frayed and Pakistan blocked American. Afghanistan, Taliban, cloud future and derail stability. regional role, American intentions in the region also became suspect for Pakistan when. The U.S.-Pakistan Relationship and Finding an End State in Afghanistan it has resisted American pressure to act against prominent anti-U.S. groups operating.
A Case of the Failing Bilateralism. Review Pub Administration Manag 5: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Being Muslim countries both are tended to have brotherly relations.
- Pakistan–United States relations
- The way forward for US-Pakistan relations
- The U.S.-Pakistan Relationship and Finding an End State in Afghanistan
But throughout the history it has been very difficult for both to keep the ball rolling. The story of Pak-Afghan relations is not an interesting one. At times it seems that both have developed great confidence upon each other and now they have become confident friend. But suddenly some evil spirit comes and takes away all that was good.
In this study a serious effort has been made to develop a thesis upon the main and root causes of this uneasy movement of bilateralism. Also this effort aims at devising a strategic position for Pakistan in the current state of affairs. A descriptive and analytical research method is applied.
US-Pakistan Relations Worsen as Both Sides Dig In
Keywords Confidence; Skirmishes, Relations; Stitching; Breaking Introduction Soon after the terrorist attacks in the United States of America inallegations were held that Al-Qaeda a terrorist organization was behind it. Bush demanded the Taliban to hand over Osama bin laden the top leader of Al-Qaeda to the United States or otherwise prepare for the consequences.
They also demanded Pakistan to decide, either to support the war against terror or the Taliban government.WHY AFGHANISTAN LOVES INDIA AND DISLIKES PAKISTAN ?
Pakistan had friendly relations with the Taliban government in Afghanistan. Also it had to face the growing pressure from USA and the West. This was crucial time for the government either to support and sustain friendship with Taliban regime or to join hands with the US and her allies and fight the former.
Pakistan became a front line state in the war against terrorism. This shift in the foreign policy is to be regarded as a U-Turn. Since that time till now the relations between the two countries have never been cordial.
Pakistan is seemingly losing her position in Afghanistan and her Afghan policy is also failing. The policy makers and strategists need to revisit their positions regarding the prospects of Pak-Afghan relations. Methodology and Objective of the Major Question Afghanistan has been regarded as corner point for the policy makers in Pakistan. But goals of the policy are almost unattained due to certain factors.
This study presents an overview of this uneasy march of diplomacy between the two neighbors. The methodology is descriptive analytical and also historical. An Overview of the Issue After the overthrow Taliban the government of Pakistan welcomed the installation of interim government and assured of her cooperation in the reconstruction of Afghanistan and rehabilitation of its people.
Due to its strategic importance in the world, and a gateway to the energy rich Central Asian Republics it became easier for the world powers to exploit the country in the name of war on terror. In February the Afghan president Hamid Karzi paid a special visit to Islamabad to discuss matters of interests. The government of Pakistan reaffirmed her commitment to provide full assistance to the new Afghan government in every sphere [ 2 ].
The same year Pakistan hosted a multi donor conference in Islamabad to raise a fund for the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Pakistan also provided her support during presidential elections in and parliamentary election She sealed her borders to control terrorist flow towards Afghanistan. Pakistan never wanted to destabilize Afghanistan but due to Indian involvement, Pakistan has always been alleged for the disturbed state of affairs.
Talking to media on June 22, Hamid Kerzi made allegations that Pakistan was harbouring and giving aid to Taliban fighting inside Afghanistan. So, it was necessary for the international community to cut off the source and roots to defeat terrorism.
This statement deteriorated the situation further. Pakistan gave full support to Kerzi during presidential election campaign in Pakistan.
The interior minister of Pakistan Mr. Sherpao said to Kerzi during a meeting in Kabul in March that Pakistan wanted to fence the boarder and plant mines to stop the terrorist infiltration but Kerzi did not agree. Due to km long border with Afghanistan it is very difficult for Pakistan to seal every corner of it. Pakistan had maintained almost 80, troops on her western border.
She does not want instability in Afghanistan and always voiced for a stable and prosperous Afghanistan. The relations between the two neighboring and brotherly Muslim countries experienced great shifts during the Era. Attending a press conference he said: In the past we had suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us. Any effort to divide Afghanistan ethnically or weaken it will create the same thing in the neighboring countries.
All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time [ 3 ]. Pakistan Afghanistan skirmishes continued throughout the year during which many times Afghan forces had opened fire and violated the border.
She is the major investor in Afghanistan. Since the overthrow of Taliban she is continuously engaged in destabilizing Pakistan through their agent across the border. For this purpose India had built about five hundred points near Pakistan border to mobilize terrorists into Pakistan.
The way forward for US-Pakistan relations - Asia Times
They are given training, funding and weapons and then penetrated into Pakistan. She provides funding and weapons and also training to the organization to create terror and instability in Pakistan. India through activities of the kind is trying to defame Pakistan and label her a failing and terrorist state.
Another goal of this policy is to isolate Pakistan in her neighbors and internationally. Afghan government looks more inclined towards India than Pakistan.
Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
There are solid proofs that India provided weapons and economically supported the Wazir and Bloch insurgents. Both the countries put allegations on each other but did not give a sincere hearing to one another stance that is why the foreigner conspirators are making ground and using it for personal gains. India has launched proxy war against Pakistan in Afghanistan.
She regards herself the bargainer of affairs in south Asia and wants to keep her political and economic influence in Afghanistan and keep Pakistan out. Due to Indian factor the ties between the two neighbours are not very cordial. Mediation and Bilateral Moves Efforts were made by the brotherly Muslim country Turkey and USA to bring both countries to negotiating table and reduce their tensions. Several Ministerial level and Head of State level meetings were organized by US and Turkey in which efforts were made to ease the tensions between the two.
Kerzi and Musharraf met at Loya Jerga in Kabul in Augustboth the leaders agreed to make a working group and build confidence between the two neighbors [ 4 ]. Ambassador Robert Oakley further influenced on the project, showing growing concerns of the U.
During the United States trip, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto faced heated criticism and opposition on the nuclear weapons program, who however responded fiercely and in turn sharply criticized U.
Nawaz Sharif's ordering the nuclear tests was met with great hostility and ire in the United States after President Clinton placing the economic embargo on Pakistan. The relations were also refrained and strained after Nawaz Sharif became involved with Kargil war with Indiawhile India's relations with Israel and U.
Soon after the tests, Benazir Bhutto publicly announced her believe that her father was "sent to the gallows at the instance of the superpower for pursuing the nuclear capability,  though she did not disclose the name of the power. In conclusion, both Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto refused to make compromises with respect to the country's nuclear deterrence, instead building infrastructure despite U. In —72, Pakistan ended its alliance with the United States after the East-Pakistan war in which East Pakistan successfully seceded with the aid of India.
The promise of economic aid from the United States was instrumental in creating these agreements.
At the time the pact was adopted, Pakistan's relationship with the United States was the friendliest in Asia. This generated widespread anti-American feelings and emotions in Pakistan that the United States was no longer a reliable ally.
Christine Fairthe U. Pakistan—United States military relations Pakistan and atomic weapons[ edit ] Inafter Prime minister Huseyn Suhrawardy established nuclear power to ease of the electricity criseswith U. Comment 0 When Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visits Pakistan this Wednesday, he will be representing one of the first nations that had established diplomatic relations with Islamabad.
However, the seven decades of US-Pakistan ties since then have been been far from smooth. During the Cold War, Pakistan was big supporter of the US and protected American interests in the region, including during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
The dailyReport Must-reads from across Asia - directly to your inbox However, although Pakistan extends a cordial hand of friendship to the US whenever it needs support, the US always steps back when it no longer needs a Pakistani role in an issue, and relations decline. Pakistan has faced some of the toughest and strictest US sanctions in history. During the past few years, the US has blamed and threatened Pakistan. Of course there exist some concerns on both sides, and some of these may be genuine, but some are based on misunderstandings only.
US allegations One of these issues is the US allegation that Pakistan has failed to eradicate the Taliban from its territory. But the fact is it is the US that has not eliminated the Taliban from Afghanistan, despite being a superpower with a massive army stationed in Afghanistan and the latest and most innovative weapons, as well as the political and moral support of the United Nations and the whole international community.
On the other hand, Pakistan is a much weaker state than the US, poor economically and backward in weapons and technology. So how can Pakistan eliminate the Taliban completely, while the US has also failed? Pakistan cannot be blamed for US failures in Afghanistan.
A second allegation is that Pakistan is providing safe havens to Taliban from where they continue their operations.
Yet the US has been fighting for at least 16 years in Afghanistan, with a well-trained, well-equipped army, but has not been able to occupy or control Afghanistan completely. Americans cannot walk freely and fearlessly in the streets of Kabul.
They are not safe except inside military camps. Under these circumstances, why would Taliban need to seek refuge inside Pakistan, if they can freely operate inside Afghanistan? This is especially so after the Pakistan Army has launched a massive operation in border areas along with the Afghan government and cleared the whole region of Taliban.
The rest was actually the expenditure occurred by Pakistan and verified by the US side and then reimbursed to Pakistan or through need-based sales of military hardware to Pakistan.