From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .
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Get to Know Us. Gorkheimer are the bibliographical entries for the cited English translations, listed by original publication date:. This criticism makes some sense, especially when one considers the political climate of the late s that served mwx a backdrop for his latest work.
One might also doubt the reliance on the power of the compassion. The task of philosophy is exactly to move beyond the instrumental questions of how best to achieve predetermined ends supplied by an external reality which may or may not have any allegiance to the crushed masses – but instead to question those ends and hold them accountable eclipsse humane and liberatory impulses.
This tension supposedly comes from the bourgeois socio-economic context in which Kant lived:. View all 3 comments. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support?
Eclipse of Reason by Max Horkheimer
Genuine progress, or fascism. And importantly in this case it is not only the inner desires that are subjugated; others people are subjugated in the process of subjugating pleasure to organization. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. The Myth of the Muslim Tide. The task of education, and the task of the critical theorist, is to foster such compassionate sensitivity to injustice. Neo-thomism and various other responses to positivism also come under attack, elipse for the same reasons as does positiv Horkheimer is less Marxist than Hegelian, maintaining that the dialectic between theory and practice is what drives history.
AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Instrumental reason leads us to dominate outer nature by taking outer nature to be meaningless apart from the way it can satisfy the prerogatives of our self-preservation. That theorist eflipse engage in a special kind of activity, however, which as the next section will show must steer clear of two opposing errors.
Engineers today rationally plan how coal will be extracted from mines and converted to electricity and carbon dioxide. Sign in Create an account.
The form of reason Horkheimer praises he calls “objective. The Pursuit of Liberal Education. Individual and Community in Nietzsche’s Philosophy. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Return to Book Page.
Horkheimer’s central premise—that, after the Enlightenment, reason’s divorce from any sort of objective, divine premise inevitably gave way to its instrumentalization—is something that should be apparent to anyone alive in In particular, Horkheimer wrote this book to address the actions of Third Reich Germany and how Nazism was able to make its genoc How do you rate a theoretical work? Horkheimer believes that virtually every element of society is suffering from the glorification of subjective reason as the only reason, which leads, he believes, to the inevitable descent into relativism, which in turn undermines the meanings of every action, and drags society kicking and screaming into a nihilistic abyss.
The Life of Reason. This was a great read. Horkheimer clearly did not believe that compassion and the desire to overcome suffering could, on their own, motivate social change.
In Aprilhe returned to Europe for the first time, to lecture in various cities, including as a visiting professor in Frankfurt.
Horkheimer’s treatise on the instrumentalization, the formalization, of reason is as prescient and disturbing a piece of critical theory as I think one is likely to find in our current moment.
From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, and what he considers its present reified domination. As a philosopher he is best known especially in the Anglophone worldfor his work during the s, including Dialectic of Enlightenmentwhich was co-authored with Theodor Adorno.
Horkheimer however rejects the higher synthesis that Marx and Hegel’s dialectic offered, the end point of human social development which resolves the fundamental contradiction between the individual and society. A Farewell to Truth.
Max Horkheimer – – New York: After returning, Horkheimer would focus on administrative work, reestablishing the Institute and serving two hogkheimer as University Rector in the early s. In between those periods he would lead the Institute in exile, primarily in America. This book is as good an analysis of what came before it as it is a prophecy for what would come after.
Eclipse of Reason
First is an argument regarding subjective and objective reason. Selected Essayspp. Taken in its most straightforward sense, this point has become something of a commonplace.
Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. Views Read Edit View history. How to cite this entry. The regime used brutal technological efficiency to control and exterminate millions of people.
Correcting these problems would require freeing reason from instrumentality, which would mean eschewing formalism. Addresses to the German Nation.
Science, on the other hand, maintains its rigorous empirical methods, but must open itself up to the role it plays in the broader social framework. Horkheimer in believes that subjective reason, and specifically its formalization, have undermined objective reason by exposing its mythological origins.
Eclipse of Reason (Bloomsbury Revelations) Max Horkheimer: Bloomsbury Academic
It acts as a companion to the classic work that Horkheimer wrote with Theodor Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment. Related Entries Adorno, Theodor W. This for me seriously undermines Horkheimer’s own critique of instrumental reason, which now seems like a demand for science to be in service of political correctness, as defined by the Marxists.
Engineers in Central Europe in the s rationally planned how hydrogen cyanide gas would be produced and stored in canisters.