19 questions for muslim scholars meet

60 Questions Muslims Don't Like To Be Asked!

19 questions for muslim scholars meet

The Quran is viewed to be the scriptural foundation of Islam and is believed by Muslims to have Both critics and some scholars of western, eastern and secular backgrounds claim to . Director of Center for Research and Islamic Studies in Riyadh, questions whether the .. The passage in question, from 19, reads. [19]. Another model of Islamic counseling is the traditional healing, here a During the golden era of Islamic civilization, the Islamic scholars had . So, when he inspires such a question, one should seek refuge with Allah and .. The Imam's role in meeting the counseling needs of Muslim communities in the United states. The state-sanctioned conference, called “Islam and Countering Terrorism,” extremist ideologies, Islamic scholars and researchers meeting in Mecca last the idea of the meeting, there were questions about its usefulness.

However, if the patient's mental condition necessitates frequent dosing, or his physical wellbeing will be adversely affected by the combined effect of fasting and psychotropics intake, which may lead to dehydration, the clinician can then advise the patients not to fast as Islam exempts them from fasting in such conditions. Another detrimental factor in pharmacotherapy adherence is the presence of inert ingredients in psychotropic medications, which might be derived from pork products that may pass unnoticed by the clinicians.

So if this issue is not identified and addressed, then patients may not only stop taking their medications, and hence leading to relapse of symptoms, increasing hospitalization rates, and increasing healthcare costs but also lead to a poor doctor-patient relationship.

We believe that, in order to maintain a good doctor—patient relationship and improve medication adherence, psychiatrists should have a basic familiarity with religious dietary restrictions and they should discuss such issue frankly with their patients as a part of informed consent. This does not have its implications for patients alone but may also have ethical and potentially legal consequences for physicians as well. Muslims approach Imams for counseling on social and mental health issues and particularly marital and family problems.

This model explains the illness or personal problems as a possession by spirit jinn. This is usually done through the Islamic daily prayers and worship with continuous invocation of prayers and the names of God to elevate the spirit zikr. Even those scholars who do not agree with the traditional counseling for Muslim clients frequently consider Sufism as the basis of an original counseling model in Islam.

This therapy includes using of Quranic metaphors, the Sirah of the Prophet and his traditions, as well as the biographies of the Prophet's companions, with Muslim patients, which will provide detailed instructions for implementing successful therapy. It has been widely known that psychotherapy is a unique art developed by the Western society during the 20th century; however, as we can find that psychotherapy was widely used in treating mental disorders all over the world for many ages before it has been started by the West.

During the golden era of Islamic civilization, the Islamic scholars had discussed the concept of psychology, psychiatry, psychotherapy, and their relationship to mental health. For example, Abu Bakar Muhammad Zakaria Al-Razi CE is the first Muslim physician who introduced the methods of psychotherapy and he had achieved a lot of success in discovering the definition, symptoms and mental health. Consultation with an Imam a Muslim religious leadera Muslim social work professional, or another respected community member can also be helpful.

Islam highlights the importance of community rather than looking inward to establish their identity. Muslims tend to look outward, identify their identity in religious teachings, culture, and family. Group therapy also may be problematic for many Muslims.

For instance, some Muslims may feel uncomfortable sharing personal details in group settings, particularly if members of the opposite gender are present. However, the functions of such groups may be enhanced if they are composed of members of the same gender and involve values taken from the Islamic faith. Similarly, a study conducted on Muslims with bereavement showed significantly better results with cognitive-behavioral therapy that had been modified to incorporate Islamic beliefs and practices.

This reflects the utmost need for more research in this area to make definitive statements about the empirical soundness of such approaches. The process would then involve an evaluation and modification of automatic thoughts, followed by modification of core beliefs and assumptions. Modification occurs mainly through examining the evidence and looking for alternative explanation.

We have reviewed different studies and books and tried to explore the impact of Islamic values and beliefs on modification of the patient cognitive errors, and how these Islamic values can even help in prevention of different psychiatric disorders.

Depression Negative life events are one of major risk factors for depression. Islam plays an important role in helping Muslims to cope with negative life events, which helps them in both prevention and treatment of depression. Muslims are not superhuman, however, if one experiences negative feelings, he is encouraged to resist them with positive thoughts and actions if possible, or to seek professional help if the case is clinical, exactly like any other form of illness.

Verily, with every difficulty there is relief. And if anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is Allah for him.

19 questions for muslim scholars meet

For Allah will surely accomplish His purpose: On the contrary Muslims should remember God in times of suffering and pain and have faith and hope in God's mercy and compassion to ease the suffering. Most Muslim scholars agree that it is God alone who will judge the actions of each individual. This may help to reduce the guilt feeling that may affect the mentally ill patients after attempting suicide. Although it is reported that the Prophet did not pray at the funeral of a man who killed himself, he did not forbid his companions from praying at the man's funeral; this indicates a possibility for forgiveness.

19 questions for muslim scholars meet

Grief It is a normal reaction toward any life losses. Muslims believe that all suffering, life, death, joy, and happiness are derived from God and that God is the one who gives us strength to survive.

They believe that any loss or deprivation experience is a form of a test from God to his slave of how he will stand this suffering with patience and full trust in God's mercy. These beliefs usually help to comfort and aid the healing process.

For example, in accepting grief and loss, the relatives of the deceased person are urged to be patient sabr and accept God's test. Who say, when afflicted with calamity: People who have patience in accepting God's decree will be given a reward from Him.

The Prophet Muhammad said: It is permissible to cry and express grief over the death of a loved one. Prophet Muhammad himself never forgot his love for his beloved wife, Khadijah, even years after her death. This is accompanied with anxiety and fear of Allah's punishment, both in this present world and the hereafter. Most of these patients come from families raised with a strong faith in Allah, but with an exaggerated sense of His punishment; God's love and mercy are diminished in their relationship with Him.

In therapy these patients may improve with interventions, such as modification of cognitive errors that focus on these thoughts and beliefs. One of the foundations of Islamic belief is the understanding that Allah is able to do all things and He runs all affairs. This is an aspect of tawheed belief in the oneness of Allah that specifies oneness in Allah's Lordship. It is reported in a Hadith on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, who said: One day I was behind the prophet and he said to me: Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you.

Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask of Allah; if you seek help, seek help of Allah. Know that if the Nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, it would benefit you only with something that Allah had already prescribed for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with anything, they would harm you only with something Allah had already prescribed for you.

Other cognitive adapting techniques that can be used to relieve stress and help in anxiety as well as depression, is to count how much God has blessed us and trying to focus on what we have and not on what we are deficient in.

Other way of cognitive restructuring is to help Muslims to learn from the Prophet Muhammad teachings that do not regret for things that have happened in the past, which one cannot go back and change, and to worry about what may happen in the future is useless. The person should think only about the present, focusing his energy on doing his best today, because this is what results in perfect work, and helps him to forget his worries and regrets and as the prophet said: Pay attention to that which could benefit you, seek the help of Allah and do not feel incapacitated.

We can find evidence of this in the holy Quran and Hadith. All human beings experience at some point in their life wasawis, regardless of age, sex, faith, or creed. However, the nature, content, severity, and influence of these wasawis vary from one person to the other. For some, they only cause mild anxiety and worry, while for others may be more severely affected to the point of becoming spiritually, mentally, emotionally, psychologically, and socially incapacitated.

We find in the holy Quran the counter adaptive thoughts for these obsessions wasawis as called in Islam [So when you intend to recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan, the outcast. He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord Allah. His power is over those who obey and follow him Shaytan and those who join partners with Allah] Quran On my true servants, you would have no authority.

19 questions for muslim scholars meet

Sufficient is your Lord as a guardian] Quran Moreover it can help to relieve the guilt feeling which is associated with the obsessions of religious nature. Alcohol and substance abuse Alcoholism is not a huge mental health problem among Muslims in comparison with Western society as Islam prohibits alcohol and substance use among Muslims.

There is no specific age for drinking, or safe drugs to get high. As in Western countries most of the teenage alcoholics do not buy the alcohol from the store but get it at home. Islam prohibits drinking completely total abstinence for all Muslim of any age and sex. It is the reason why the West finds it a difficult issue to manage the problems of drugs and alcohol, because it has made double standards. Therefore not only promiscuous sex is prohibited, but casual mixing of sexes freely is also prohibited, obscenity and pornography is also prohibited.

The drinking of alcohol, or to come in contact with alcohol or any other spirits such as making, selling, keeping them, or even growing grapes for the sole purpose of selling it to winery for making wine is prohibited. As mentioned in Quran.

Intoxicants and gambling, dedication of stones, and divinations by arrows, are an abomination of Satan's handiwork: Smoking Muslims are forbidden to harm themselves or others. We all know that cigarette smoking causes a number of health problems that may lead to heart disease, emphysema, oral cancer, stroke, etc.

The Quran, does not specifically prohibit smoking, but gives behavioral guidance. Humans are not homosexuals by nature. People usually become homosexuals because of their surroundings. Of utmost importance is the environment during puberty. All creatures are created in pairs each with certain physical and psychological characteristics to complement and complete one another and to serve certain function.

The main function of the human being is to build up the society. The physical—psychological—spiritual development through marriage and mating, followed by procreation that may continue for more than one generation should help humans to understand the wisdom of God and his favors in creating life to build up a balanced society. Homosexuality is harmful for the health of the individuals and for the society. It is a leading cause of sexually transmitted diseases. Men having sex with other men leads to greater health risks than men having sex with women not only because of promiscuity but also because of the nature of sex among men.

Mouth—anal contact is the reason for the relatively high incidence of diseases caused by bowel pathogens in male homosexuals. Trauma may encourage the entry of micro-organisms, which lead to various infective diseases. In addition to sodomy, trauma may be caused by foreign bodies, including stimulators of various kinds, penile adornments, and prostheses.

This is the reason why homosexuality is forbidden in Islam as Allah says: We also sent Lut: He said to his people: For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: Of all creatures do ye come unto the males, and leave the wives your Lord created for you? Nay, but ye are forward folk. Many Hadiths discuss liwat sexual intercourse between males.

Bowlby revealed that the permanent loss of a parent during childhood may increase the vulnerability to certain forms of psychopathology, for example, depression. By helping individuals to grow up under favorable conditions they could develop and lead a healthy life and realize his potentialities.

Drug abuse and excessive sexual activities are predominant in adolescents and young adults. These events lead to conflict, loneliness, guilt, loss of self-esteem, which results in manifestation of a variety of pathological disorders. There is nothing like a family especially if this is a supportive family, which can have a great impact on the illness outcome and the patient's quality of life.

Psychiatrist and social workers need to consider the impact of family's involvement on individual mental health, which may be a double-edged blade. On one hand, it may be helpful as the family may help in supporting the patients regarding his medications and psychotherapy, which help to improve the outcome.

On the other hand, as the family unit is sacred among Muslim people and it is very common to find different families with over involvement and enmeshment patterns, who are considered a continuous source of support to the individual.

In some cases the family will interfere on behalf of the identified patient, although they too lack in trust, whereas they expect much. For example, they might try to control the interview by answering the questions directed at the client while they withhold information that may be perceived as embarrassing, they may interfere with his medications and choice of treatments.

Music therapy Reported evidence shows the magical effect of music to heal the body and strengthen the mind. They treated mental illnesses by confining patients in asylums with twenty-first-century techniques of music therapy. The Sufis mention that mental and nervous disorders are cured by music. The great Turkish Islamic scientists and doctors Al-Razi —Farabi —and Ibn Sina — established scientific principles concerning musical treatment, especially of psychological disorders.

He also outlined the effects of the makams of Turkish music differs according to the times they were effective i. Then the great Islamic thinker and philosopher Ibn Sina — applied Farabi music work in his practice with mentally ill patients. Meditation therapy Meditation is based on concentrating on any one idea or object to the exclusion of all other ideas or objects.

Meditation works by eliciting the relaxation response. There are about 50 countries in the world today with a majority Muslim population, each having its own distinct history and culture or multiplicity of cultures. And there are sizeable Muslim minorities in many other countries, including the United States and virtually all the countries of Europe, that are living Islam in their own unique situations. These Muslim communities likewise have a variety of cultures and histories and live in varied social, cultural, and political circumstances, all producing significant variety in the way that they understand and live out Islam.

Therefore, it is important to be clear that the answers to the following questions reflect the views of the American Muslim scholars that ING has worked with. In other words, we do not speak for or on behalf of all Muslims.

In most cases, however, the views of these scholars probably reflect the views of the majority of Sunni Muslims in the U. These issues cannot always be addressed by the laws of past eras or different cultures in Asia or Africa. Here, we attempt to address these questions in a way that is traditional, yet compatible with the realities of the American experience in the 21st century. In these matters, we strive to be descriptive, respecting the diversity of Islam as lived religion, but our reference point is the Islam we believe in and practice as American Muslims; in most cases, but not necessarily all, this is in accord with Islam as believed in, practiced, and lived by the majority of Muslims worldwide.

We start from five basic principles that ING subscribes to as basic to our vision of Islam in America. We affirm and uphold the sanctity of all human life, the taking of which is among the gravest of all sins. We affirm the right to freedom of thought, religion, conscience, and expression. We believe that God created us with all the diversity of race, religion, language, and belief to get to know one another, respect one another, and uphold our collective human dignity.

We believe that Islam is above all a religion of peace and mercy and that as Muslims we are obligated to model those traits in our lives and characters and to work for the good of our homeland and society, wherever that might be. Wherever possible, we indicate which of these principles the basis for our responses to these questions is.

Finally, it is important to note that most of the following questions are actual questions that were asked of our speakers, including some of the most repeatedly asked questions in an educational setting where we supplement curriculum relating to Islam and Muslims in the context of world history, social studies, or cultural diversity programming. Islam is the name of a religion, as Christianity and Judaism are names of religions.

This term should not be used to refer to a person. The term Arabian was historically used to describe an inhabitant of the Arabian Peninsula.

The convert: Why I left Islam to follow Jesus

The following questions about basic Muslim beliefs 2 through 12 are answered in accord with the scholars mentioned above, reflecting majority Sunni views. What does Islam teach? There are six major beliefs in Islam and five central practices that are referred to as the Five Pillars. The last dimension of Islam focuses on the cultivation of excellent moral character to better oneself and the world around oneself.

19 questions for muslim scholars meet

It teaches a set of values that promote life, liberty, equality and justice. Some of these values include: Respect for the earth and all creatures Care and compassion for those less fortunate The importance of seeking knowledge Honesty and truthfulness in word and deed Striving continuously to improve oneself and the world 3.

What are the major beliefs of Muslims? The six major beliefs in Islam, as understood by the majority of Sunni Muslims, are: How do Muslims practice their faith? What are the foundational sources of Islamic beliefs and practices?

Much of what is known about the Sunnah is from the collection of sayings or reports known as hadith, or prophetic tradition. The hadith describe actions of the Prophet Muhammad or actions that his companions attributed to his teachings.

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Muslims

Other sources may exist for different Muslim sects. In addition to these primary sources, Muslims have also traditionally relied on the following: Why do some people suffer so much in this life, especially the innocent, such as children? This is a challenging issue for all religions that proclaim a belief in a God who is at once omnipotent and beneficent.

We believe that God tries people in different ways, through both hardship and ease. While the cause of suffering is not always evident, the way that people respond to difficulty is a test of their moral fiber.

Responding to hardship with patience and fortitude is a virtue for which we believe a great reward is promised in this life and the afterlife.

Additionally, there may be a silver lining behind every difficulty. Are there similar teachings in Islam? What do Muslims believe about angels? Unlike humans, angels are described as not possessing free will but as being by nature assigned to specific duties. Gabriel is the angel of revelation and Michael is the angel of compassion.

What does Islam say about Satan? How do the stories of the prophets in Islam compare with those in Christianity and Judaism? That depends on which prophet we are talking about. Were there female prophets? Some Muslim scholars hold the view that there were female prophets. Three of the women regarded by these scholars as prophets are Eve, the wife of Adam, Asiyah, the wife of Pharaoh who in the Quran is the one who adopts Moses as her son, as opposed to the daughter who does so in the Bibleand Mary the mother of Jesus, because they all received revelation from God.

Why do Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad is the final prophet? There is no specific teaching in traditional Islamic sources forbidding images of the Prophet Muhammad, and in fact one can find representations of Muhammad and other prophets in different periods of Islamic history.

What scholars warn against is the worship of such images, which in more recent times has led some groups to promote the idea that it is forbidden to represent the Prophet Muhammad. Why did some Muslims respond with protest and violence against portrayals of Muhammad in cartoons and film?

This question refers to protests, sometimes erupting into lethal violence, as in the recent attack in Paris, against cartoons published in a French satirical weekly and against the film The Innocence of Muslims. These protests raise the question of freedom of expression, and the instances of violence clearly violated the principle of respect for life.

The great majority of American Muslims and many Muslims elsewhere affirm freedom of expression even for material that is offensive. Muslim leaders and organizations worldwide, even in countries that restrict the publication of such offensive material, vigorously condemned the instances of violence. Violent reaction to these images was almost certainly fueled by political issues rather than purely by anger at the offensive images.

Libyan President Mohamed Magariaf insisted that the Benghazi attack, claimed to be a spontaneous response to caricatures of Muhammad published in Denmark, was in fact long planned by militants, while the Paris atrocities were the work of militants who may well have been striving to recruit French Muslims to al-Qaeda by creating an incident that would isolate them from other French people. In either case, the images served only as a pretext.

Jesus was a non-violent reformer while Muhammad fought in wars. Why is there a difference between Jesus and Muhammad in terms of their approach? In his book Jesus through the Centuries, church historian Jaroslav Pelikan depicts and analyzes the varied views of Jesus at different times and in different cultures.

The representations of Muhammad are likewise multiple.

I Met a Former Muslim Extremist. It Scared Me How Much His Story Sounded Like Mine.

Jesus founded a community of believers that was politically powerless and had to function in the shadow of the overwhelming power of the Roman Empire.