Behavioral and Mating Habits of Goats
It's important to know before you breed a goat that you must. in the same pen/ fence/pasture with does because they can begin breeding as young as 7 weeks. .. I can't wait to see our cull cattle and goats' weight gains and meat production. Goat. Introduction. Points to be considered in the selection of animals for breeding It is better to purchase a goat/sheep with 2 dental ages. . 2. Pen mating. Put a newly-weaned buck into an all-boys' pen and watch what happens. Tennessee Meat Goats, for example, are almost always year-round breeders.
Give the doe warm cereal meal-the gruel drink either as such or mixed with one to two tablespoonful.
In case of heavy milker if not sucked by the kid she should be milked out soon to the extent of relieving her udder pressure. Elite dairy goat of high production potential should be milked from the third day of kidding. The first 1 to 2 hrs after birth is the vital period for establishment of bond between the new born and the mother.
Hence the dam should be kept in a calm place without disturbance from stray dogs and other animals. Allow newborn lambs 1 kids to be with their mother all the 24 hrs for first week or so. General breeding management The male female ratio is 1: Young males can be put in to experienced older ewes and older rams to younger ewes will help in better mating. Inbreeding should be avoided. The males should be replaced or exchanged once in two years to avoid inbreeding.
Breeding ewe of indigenous breeds should be 18to 24 months depending upon their body condition. Breeding too young ewes result in more weakling and thus results in higher lamb loss. Body weight of ewe at breeding should normally be less than the adult body weight of that breed.
Oestrous detection of all female goats above 1 year should be done either with approned or vasectomized buck both in morning or evening during breeding season.
In order to synchronize them improved hormonal technology may be used or buck may be in a partitioned corral of woven-wire net so that the does and the buck may have full view of each other.
This may be done a week or two before or during the breeding season. If 2 services at an interval of 8 to 12 hrs is practised, improvement in conception may be achieved.
Goats which do not return to oestrus after 2 cycles are considered as pregnant and should be separated from the dry, non pregnant flock. They should be kept in a group of not more than 15 to 20 does to avoid infighting. If they have no kidding for complete one, year they should be removed from flock. This will save the kids from cold susceptibility and resultant pneumonic death during winter. Avoid starvation of goat since even two days starvation period early in pregnancy can cause a high percentage of shed embryos to be absorbed.
Managemental methods to optimize breeding Oestrous stimulation It is the practice of stimulating and synchronizing breeding by putting vasectomized males with females about 10 days to 2 weeks prior to the beginning of breeding. Or, if you are experienced in doing artificial insemination, you can purchase semen from proven bucks if available.
A reputable dairy-goat breeder can help you locate a course to teach you how to do artificial insemination; many dairy-goat producers are well versed in A. Producers new to raising goats should know that artificial insemination's success rate in goats is far less than in cattle and is harder to do. How often will you breed your does? Breeding-stock producers tend to mate their does once a year, while some commercial operators run bucks with their does year around.
There are definite down-sides to continuous uncontrolled breeding: One of the first things to fail is the udder, which gets a huge amount of wear and tear from nursing kids. I have been raising and breeding goats for over 20 years, and I recommend that, as a minimum, producers allow kids to be weaned at three months of age and the doe be given at least two months to re-gain her pre-pregnancy health and weight.
A doe that is trying to feed herself, nurse multiple kids, and nourish unborn fetuses all at the same time is not going to be able to produce top-quality kids and she will be more likely to experience health problems herself. Are you going to linebreed, or will you select a specific buck to breed certain does that are unrelated to him? I never linebreed; experience has proven to me that linebred animals in my breeds lose muscling and are therefore less meaty. I believe that this conclusion crosses breed lines, but each producer must make this decision based upon his goats and his goals.
Meat Goat Breeding Decisions You Should Be Making Every Year
Where you will be putting them together for mating depends upon your facilities. While some producers have the space for pasture breeding, others must confine breeding animals to pens.
Remember that goats are easily stressed when crowded, are exposed to bacteria and viruses that close quarters magnifies, and may die. My experience has been that any more than 20 goats one buck and 19 does in a five-acre pasture for 42 days of breeding is too many animals. Under some circumstances, this scenario may be too crowded, i.
Who are you going to breed to whom? Virgin does in particular and all does in general should be bred to smaller-framed bucks to avoid dystocia kidding difficulties. Cattle breeders learned this lesson long ago when breeding heifers first-freshening cows.
If cross-breeding, use a buck from a smaller-framed breed to mate with larger-framed breeds of does.
Meat Goat Breeding Decisions You Should Be Making Every Year | Farm Fit Living
Wait until the doe is at least ten to twelve months old before mating her. A doe can breed much earlier, but her body will not be sufficiently developed to carry quality kids to term. Avoid unnecessary problems and wait until the doe has had a chance to get some growth on her own body before putting a pregnancy load on her.
If twinning is the producer's goal, then this is another reason to let the doe grow out before breeding her; very young does generally have only one kid.
Bucks in some breeds are fertile as early as three months of age. It is advisable, however, to let a buck reach at least eight months of age before expecting him to perform.
A very young buck will not be able to settle successfully impregnate a large number of does without exhausting himself. An older experienced buck will approach breeding at a less frantic pace.
A healthy and nutritionally-sound mature buck should be able to bring into heat and successfully breed does within a day timeframe two heat cycles. A young yearling breeding buck should be placed with no more than does.
Unless does come into heat, a buck cannot breed them. In very hot climates, some breeds of bucks breed at night in the cooler air. Some breeds of does in certain climates do not cycle into heat year around, regardless of stimulation from a buck. This is particularly true of the dairy breeds but can also be true in some meat breeds.
Myotonic goats as a breed tend to be aseasonal breeders breed year roundbut this can vary by location. As a general rule, does of all breeds are most likely to cycle into heat as daylight shortens. In the continental United States, that timeframe is mid-July through mid-December. A mature breeding buck can easily lose pounds while he is servicing does. Breeding is what he was born to do -- to pass on his genetic line into future generations -- so he is going to give it his all, to the exclusion of eating and resting.
It is easy for a buck to become run down and ragged during breeding season. His nutritional level is as important as that of the breeding does. This same health care program is applicable to all breeding does. Producers who run goats year round in pasture settings with minimal feed supplementation will sometimes "flush" goats prior to breeding with extra feed to get them into good condition. Many producers supplementally feed most if not all of the time, and in these cases, extra feed is not necessary and can make the goats too fat, therefore less likely to be able to conceive and carry kids to term.
When are you going to breed?