Australia-India Relations: More Than Cricket - AIIA - Australian Institute of International Affairs
Modern India has some sound opportunities for patient capital but if we are to forge stronger investment and trade ties, we have to stop talking. Australia–India relations are the foreign relations between the Commonwealth of Australia and As a result of British colonisation, cricket has emerged as a strong cultural . In the year the total value of trade between Australia an India was A$ billion, a significant increase over the preceding decade. Australia and India established diplomatic relations in the pre-Independence period, when the Consulate General of India was first opened as a Trade Office in .
Australian and Indian Defence Ministers meet regularly. Economic and trade relations The Australia-India economic relationship has grown significantly in recent years. Australia's strength in exporting primary products, particularly minerals and energy, as well as services such as education, positions us well to supply growing Indian industrial and consumer demand.
Education links The Department of Education and Training office at the Australian High Commission leads strategic policy, regulation and government-to-government engagement in international education and research across India and the region Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
The office works in partnership with Austrade, which is responsible for the international marketing and promotion of Australian education and training. For more information, click here. Defence relations Building on a long history of cooperation - including our shared experience in the trenches of World War I in Gallipoli and along the Western Front - Australia and India have a positive defence relationship, underpinned by the Memorandum on Defence Cooperation and the Joint Declaration on Security Co-operation.
Following the agreement in of a bilateral Framework for Security Cooperation the defence relationship has grown to include a range of forums for strategic dialogue, as well as regular interactions between our respective services through senior visits, staff talks, and training exchanges. Senior visits also occur on a regular basis. In September the then Australian Minister of Defence visited India, resulting in agreement to deepen our defence cooperation ties, including through establishing a Joint Working Group on Defence Research and Materiel Cooperation.
Annual staff talks between our Army, Navy and Air Forces are resulting in open dialogue and we are seeing regular unit-level visits between all three services. Australia and India build robust people-to-people links between our defence forces through regular personnel and training exchanges, such as short specialist courses and longer-term positions.
Every year, Australia sends two officers to attend Indian military educational institutions: Broadly speaking, there have been two schools of thought: Some countries have also argued that this is not a binary choice. The ten member states of ASEAN have been critical to building a strong, dynamic and resilient regional community.Aus High Commissioner to India on why Australia & India are having a moment - The Quint
Its members account for 55 per cent of global GDP and over half the global population. And it includes all the major powers in the Indo-Pacific region.
A core objective of the EAS should be to promote consultation across the region. Consultation might not resolve problems but it can make the search for solutions easier and diminish the risk of miscommunication and miscalculation.
Australia welcomed this development and is keen to work with others to further strengthen the EAS as an institution. The ruling handed down by the Arbitral Tribunal on Tuesday was very clear.
China has, as foreshadowed, rejected the jurisdiction of the Tribunal and claimed the award is null and void. Looking ahead, we hope that all claimants take this opportunity to re-engage in dialogue based on greater clarity of maritime rights, and bring their claims into line with international law. Like India and many others, we will watch with great interest how the Philippines and China respond to the outcome.
This arbitration is a test case for how our region can manage disputes peacefully, in accordance with international law.
Australia-India Bilateral Relationship Given this strategic context, a strong Australia-India bilateral partnership is more important than ever.
Australia- India relationship
Australia has placed India at the forefront of its international relationships. Our relationship has been on an upwards trajectory since it was elevated to a Strategic Partnership in The two-way Prime Ministerial visits in was a milestone, setting out an ambitious forward agenda. So was a year of implementation. Last year we saw new or expanded maritime, cyber, terrorism and transnational crime dialogues. There was an inaugural trilateral dialogue with Japan. Our civil nuclear cooperation agreement entered into force, enabling the export of uranium to India.
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A suite of MOUs were signed on economic policy, VET skills, sports, tourism, water, tertiary education and the environment. And our people got to know and understand each other better through a series of cultural events that took place in our countries, including the exhibition of Ramayana Miniatures in Australia and the Australian World Orchestra tour of India.
Where to from here? Looking at all this activity, and as the incoming High Commissioner, I have asked myself where I should take the relationship.
Broadly, my priorities fall into two areas: First, I am focusing on the new bilateral architecture. By this I mean building habits of cooperation, identifying practical areas for cooperation and taking the projects and programs already in train through to their conclusion.
It is no use having lots of dialogue if nothing concrete comes out of it. Second, I am keen to expand the relationship in areas where it is underdone. The depth and scale of our relationship does not yet match the potential of both our countries. This is particularly so in the economic relationship. There has been a steady growth in two-way trade and investment, but we could go much further. Let me give you a few examples of where I see potential to expand the relationship.
Education India is currently undergoing a profound transformation.
'India-Australia relations: The way forward'
More than 54 per cent of its total population are below 25 years of age and only a small proportion of the workforce has formal skills. The Indian Government expects that million additional people will need to be trained in the vocational sector alone by We see ourselves as a natural partner for India as it seeks to meet its challenges across the education sector, whether this is in schools, higher or vocational education, or research.
This training is in fields as diverse as welding, fitness and aged care. Water Australia and India face some similar challenges in water resources management, particularly in managing over-allocation and water quality, while balancing the water needs of the community, industry and maintaining system flows. In Australia, the year millennium drought experienced across most of the nation challenged our traditional approaches to water.
It forced us to look at bold solutions — particularly for the Murray Darling Basin — an iconic river system and critical source of drinking and irrigation water for many regional and urban communities. A key achievement has been the development of the Murray-Darling Basin Plan. The aim is to ensure a healthy productive river system for generations to come. Sharing our experience with India is a key focus, including how to successfully unify the Centre and State Governments to implement a single integrated approach, as well as sharing our world leading basin planning and management tools.
And we are contributing to efforts to the Ganga Rejuvenation effort. Energy Meeting the energy needs of million people, which currently lack access to electricity, is a key priority for India.
Australia is a natural partner for India in the energy sector.
By the end of this decade, Australia is expected to overtake Qatar to be the largest exporter of Liquefied Natural Gas. Australia is well placed to support India in helping it achieve its burgeoning energy demand. Apart from rich resource endowment, Australia is also a leading mining equipment, technology and services METS provider and renowned for its world class technology and innovation in the mining sector.
This is a world record they have held for 30 of the last 32 years. The recent visit by Minister Goyal to Australia for the 3rd Australia-India Energy Security Dialogue gave both countries the chance to explore areas of collaborative work including new areas of research like underground coal gasification. This first-of-a-kind research paved the way for the development of a new class of materials, suitable for implanting in the human body, that will improve bone-tissue engineering techniques with patients being the ultimate beneficiaries.
Another Fund collaboration brings together a multidisciplinary team to look at the growing resistance to standard pest-controls that have the potential to seriously threaten the long-term food security of stored grains. The outcomes of this research will benefit farmers and consumers in both India and Australia because less grain will be lost to spoilage, resulting in more food available to millions of people. Whether it is nanotechnology, software engineering, energy efficiency or agricultural research, Australian and Indian companies are innovating and translating great research into practical applications.
One embryonic area is in space science and technology. The Indian Space Research Organisation has a proud record of space exploration, including recently with its successful Mars Orbiter Mission.