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Duke of Connaught and Strathearn - Wikipedia

Major Candy felicitated Jyotiba Phule for his contribution in the field of education. Felicitated by Duke of Connaught. It was in his this school that he met Sadashiv Ballal Govande, a Brahmin, who remained a close friend. On his return to India in , he met Rajagopalachari and joined the Indian . to his standing as a favourite of both Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, and Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn opened the first meeting of is thus the oldest English trading post on Indias east coast, dating back to . find something interesting to watch in seconds .. Bahujan Samaj Party - Jyotirao Phule, an Indian activist, thinker, social reformer from . dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd .. the Act of was formally inaugurated on 1 February by the Duke of Connaught.

Dharmashastra 4a: Mahatma Phule

Humans are great by their qualities. Incantations, penance, rituals, rebirth- do not have any reality. Bhat Brahmins or middlemen are not at all necessary for the worship of the Almighty. Hence the Satyashodhak Samaj had the great ideals of Equality. Non-requirement of middlemen in religious matters. This message spread throughout Maharashtra. This representation included the following points Primary Education should be compulsory. Primary Education for women needs to be encouraged.

Education to the people in India should be given in a useful manner with need - based contents Suggestions for the education of deprived children. Taking into consideration the problem of Universalisation of Education of the people in the lower strata's of the society, Jotirao strongly opposed the 'Filtration Theory'.

One of the associates of Mahatma Jotirao Phule, Shri. Mahatma Jotirao Phule was present conspicuously in the dress of a poor farmer and effectively communicated the impecunious circumstances of the Indian farmers. He also acquainted the British Prince with the problems related to their education. Mahatma Jotirao Phule requested the dignitary to convey this message to the Queen. Mahatma Jotirao Phule opined that the curriculum should be such that education becomes practically useful in life.

Taking into consideration the importance of Agriculture in our country, he opined that Agriculture should be included in the curriculum. He realized that the following factors were responsible for drop outs in education: After taking a review of these factors, he suggested useful measures to combat the situation.

He implemented these measures in his schools. He suggested that the schools should impart education based on professional skills. He believed that such a curriculum would attract students and this arrangement would help in preventing unemployment. For maintaining a high quality of education, he opined that: The teachers in primary schools should be trained.

In order to impart social education to those in the lower strata of the society, the teachers themselves should be from the lower strata of society. The teachers should have the knowledge of Agriculture and the minimal knowledge of health and hygiene. He emphasized that apart from their pay, teachers from villages should be given a special allowance, commensurate with the number of successful students, they had trained. At all levels, education should be under the control of Government.

Jotirao employed various methods and remedies in his mission for social education and social transformation: Production of literature Jotirao produced ample literature with a view to facilitate social education and not degrade it into mere entertainment.

Letter Writing Jotirao resorted to effective letter writing in prose and poetry- In order to convey his principles and thoughts regarding social education in public life and at the family level. To enquire sympathetically about the well-being of the people.

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He effectively disseminated his thoughts and feelings through this medium letter writing. Representations Various representations made by Jotirao, on different subjects are available- Representation about the education in the country, given to the Hunter Education Commission.

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Letter indicating the futility of the Convention of the ' Marathi Granthakar Sabha '. Request letter sent to the members of the Satyashodhak Samajfor helping the famine affected people. Letter sent to the British Government regarding the firm actions to be taken by the Govt. Reports Detailed reports of the activities and accounts of the Satyashodhak Samaj.

Detailed, printed reports of the activities and accounts of the schools for untouchables and for girls. These reports have also discussed the difficulties and problems faced by these schools. Institutionalization Established the 'Satyashodhak Samaj' in order to carry out regular activities and maintain continuity in the activities.

Various Educational Activities Jotirao realized the fact that Education is an effective medium for the enlistment of society, whose sensitivity has become blunt because of deterioration for various reasons.

With this realization, Jotirao started schools for women and the downtrodden in society. He also encouraged the efforts of others in the same field. Jotirao gets the credit of being the first Indian who started Education for women. Jotirao's following activities are important in the field of education Meetings with farmers and the downtrodden in society, for social work.

He started boarding for students from backward castes. The poor children were exempted from payment of fees. He initiated the strike by tenants against money lenders. He initiated and carried out various social movements. He initiated big awareness movement among farmers, in order to prevent the transfer of lands from farmers to money lenders.

As a result of his speeches and activities, people in various villages boycotted the Bhats and money lenders to protest against their injustice. Jotirao tried to stop a Devdasi's so called marriage which was being conducted according to hollow rituals.

He helped poor children by opening 'food centre' during the famine in He encouraged and conducted widow re-marriages. Narayan Meghaji Lokhande ; Jotirao ceaselessly worked for this organization.

He worked continuously for liberating women from bondage. While doing the work, he criticized the affluent in the society which included even his friends.

He started a 'Maternity Home' for helping the widows from higher castes, to deliver safely and thus prevent infanticides. He initiated the strike of barbersagainst the inhuman act of 'keshavapan' - tonsuring the heads of widows.

He imparted Education for improvements in agriculture. The city of Madras was the capital of the Presidency and Ootacamund or Ooty. The island of Ceylon was a part of Madras Presidency from to when it was created a Crown colony, the agency was upgraded to a Presidency in before once more reverting to its previous status in Init was re-elevated to a Presidency and Elihu Yale was appointed as president, inunder the provisions of Pitts India Act, Madras became one of three provinces established by the East India Company.

Thereafter, the head of the area was styled Governor rather than President and became subordinate to the Governor-General in Calcutta, a title that would persist until Judicial, legislative and executive powers rested with the Governor who was assisted by a Council whose constitution was modified by reforms enacted in , andregular elections were conducted in Madras up to the outbreak of the Second World War in Following the Montague-Chelmsford reforms ofMadras was the first province of British India to implement a system of dyarchy, in the early decades of the 20th century, many significant contributors to the Indian independence movement came from Madras.

Madras was later admitted as Madras State, a state of the Indian Union at the inauguration of the Republic of India on 26 Januarythe discovery of dolmens from this portion of the subcontinent shows inhabitation as early as the Stone Age. The first prominent rulers of the part of the future Presidency were the Tamil pandya dynasty.

Following the decline of the pandyas of Tamil Nadu and the Cholas in Tamil Nadu, the country recovered under the subsequent Pallava dynasty and its civilisation attained a peak under the later where the telugu period when telugu kings started accquiring vast places in Tamil Nadu.

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Following the conquest of Madurai by Malik Kafur inthere was a brief lull when both culture and civilisation began to deteriorate, the Tamil and Telugu territories recovered under the Vijayanagar Empire, founded in Following the empires demise, the country was split amongst numerous sultans, polygars, between anda number of kings ruled the areas that became part of the Madras Presidency.

The first of these were built at Surat on the west coast, Masulipatam is thus the oldest English trading post on Indias east coast, dating back to Inanother factory was established at Armagon, a few miles to the south, the English authorities decided to relocate these factories farther south, due to a shortage of cotton cloth, the main trade item of the east coast at the time.

The problem was compounded when the Sultan of Golconda started harassing the local officers, an agency was created to govern the new settlement, and the factor Andrew Cogan of Masulipatnam was appointed as its first Agent. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is one of the biggest cultural, economic, according to the Indian census, it is the sixth-largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India.

The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, Chennai is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists.

It was ranked 43rd most visited city in the world for yearthe Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. Chennai attracts 45 percent of tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists.

As such, it is termed Indias health capital, as a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. Chennai has the third-largest expatriate population in India at 35, in ,82, intourism guide publisher Lonely Planet named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world to visit in Chennai is ranked as a city in the Global Cities Index and was ranked the best city in India by India Today in the annual Indian city survey.

In Chennai was named the hottest city by the BBC, National Geographic ranked Chennais food as second best in the world, it was the only Indian city to feature in the list. Chennai was also named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet, the Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of the largest city economies of India. Chennai is nicknamed The Detroit of India, with more than one-third of Indias automobile industry being based in the city, in Januaryit was ranked third in terms of per capita GDP.

The name Madras originated even before the British presence was established in India, the name Madras is said to have originated from a Portuguese phrase mae de Deus which means mother of god, due to Portuguese influence on the port city.

However, it is whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans.

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The British military mapmakers believed Madras was originally Mundir-raj or Mundiraj, Madras might have also been derived from the word Madhuras meaning juice of honey or sugarcane in Sanskrit.

The nativity of name Chennai, being of Telugu origin is clearly proved by the historians. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a deed, dated 8 August 7. The partys social liberal platform is considered to be on the centre-left of Indian politics. From tothe Congress-led United Progressive Alliance, a coalition of regional parties.

As of Marchthe party is in power in five states, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Meghalaya, in Bihar, it is a part of the ruling coalition. The Congress has previously directly ruled Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, in the general election, the Congress had its poorest post-independence general election performance, winning only 44 seats of the member house.

The party primarily endorses social liberalism—seeking to balance individual liberty and social justice, the Congress was founded in by Indian and British members of the Theosophical Society movement, including Scotsman Allan Octavian Hume. It has been suggested that the idea was conceived in a meeting of 17 men after a Theosophical Convention held in Madras in December Hume took the initiative, and in March the first notice convening the first Indian National Union to meet in Poona the following December was issued.

Its objective was to obtain a share in government for educated Indians and to create a platform for civic. The first meeting was scheduled to be held in Poona, Hume organised the first meeting in Bombay with the approval of the Viceroy Lord Dufferin. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first president of the Congress, the first session was held from 28—31 Decemberrepresenting each province of India, the Partys delegates comprised 54 Hindus and 2 Muslims, the rest were of Parsi and Jain backgrounds.

Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa inin following the deaths of policemen at Chauri Chaura, Gandhi suspended the agitation. In protest, a number of leaders, Chittaranjan Das, Annie Besant, the Khilafat movement collapsed and the Congress was split.

Although its members were predominantly Hindu, it had members from other religions, economic classes, at the Congress Lahore session under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, Purna Swaraj was declared as the partys goal, declaring 26 January as Purna Swaraj Diwas, Independence Day. The same year, Srinivas Iyenger was expelled from the party for demanding full independence, the British government allowed provincial elections in India in the winter of —37 under the Government of India Act 8.

Tiruchirappalli — Tiruchirappalli, also called Tiruchi or Trichy, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District. It is the fourth largest municipal corporation and the fourth largest urban agglomeration in the state, located kilometres south of Chennai and kilometres north of Kanyakumari, Tiruchirappalli sits almost at the geographic centre of the state.

The most prominent historical monuments in Tiruchirappalli include the Rockfort, the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam, the archaeologically important town of Uraiyur, capital of the Early Cholas, is now a suburb of Tiruchirappalli.

Industrial units such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Golden Rock Railway Workshop, the presence of a large number of energy equipment manufacturing units in and around the city has earned it the title of Energy Equipment and Fabrication Capital of India.

Tiruchirappalli is internationally known for a brand of cheroot known as the Trichinopoly cigar, a major road and railway hub in the state, the city is served by an international airport which operates flights to Southeast Asia and the Middle East. According to the National Urban Sanitation Policy, Tiruchirappalli was listed as the third-cleanest city in India in According to Hindu Mythology, the word Tiruchirappalli is derived from Tiru which is to address someone with respect, Chirapalli is a compound of siram - head, palli - to sleep.

It is a reference to the deity Sriranganathaswamy who is depicted at rest with his head in an elevated position in the Srirangam Temple. Brown has proposed that Tiruchirappalli might be a derivative of the word Chiruta-palli meaning little town, other scholars have suggested that the name Tiruchirappalli is a rewording of Tiru-chinna-palli, meaning holy little town.

Historically, Tiruchirappalli was commonly referred to in English as Trichinopoly, Tiruchirappalli is one of the oldest inhabited cities in Tamil Nadu, its earliest settlements date back to the second millennium BC. Uraiyur, the capital of the Early Cholas for years from the 3rd century BC onwards, is a suburb of present-day Tiruchirappalli, the city is referred to as Orthoura by the historian Ptolemy in his 2nd-century work Geography. The worlds oldest surviving dam, the Kallanai about 18 kilometres from Uraiyur, was built across the Kaveri River by Karikala Chola in the 2nd century AD.

Following the downfall of the Pallavas in the 8th century, the city was conquered by the Medieval Cholas, who ruled until the 13th century. After the decline of the Cholas, Tiruchirappalli was conquered by the Pandyas, who ruled from until their defeat in by Malik Kafur, the victorious armies of the Delhi Sultanate are believed to have plundered and ravaged the region 9.

About one third of Myanmars total perimeter of 5, km, forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1, km along the Bay of Bengal, the countrys census revealed a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded.

Myanmar issquare kilometres in size and its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city and former capital city is Yangon. Early civilizations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma, the Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia.

The early 19th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur. For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife, during this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country.

Inthe junta was officially dissolved following a general election. While former military leaders still wield enormous power in the country, there is, however, continuing criticism of the governments treatment of the Muslim Rohingya minority and its poor response to the religious clashes.

In the landmark election, Aung San Suu Kyis party won a majority in both houses, Myanmar is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. As ofaccording to the Human Development Index, Myanmar had a level of human development.

22 Things You Most Likely Didn’t Know About Jotiba Phule

The renaming remains a contested issue, many political and ethnic opposition groups and countries continue to use Burma because they do not recognise the legitimacy of the ruling military government or its authority to rename the country. The countrys official name is the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.

Both these names are derived from the name of the majority Burmese Bamar ethnic group, Myanmar is considered to be the literary form of the name of the group, while Burma is derived from Bamar, the colloquial form of the groups name Yangon — Yangon is a former capital of Myanmar and the capital of Yangon Region. Although Yangons infrastructure is undeveloped compared to that of major cities in southeast Asia.

Yangon is a combination of the two words yan and koun, which enemies and run out of, respectively. It is also translated as End of Strife, Rangoon most likely comes from the British imitation of the pronunciation of Yangon in the Arakanese language, which is. Yangon was founded as Dagon in the early 11th century by the Mon, Dagon was a small fishing village centred about the Shwedagon Pagoda.