Reality therapy - Wikipedia
Central to reality therapy is a trusting relationship between patient and therapist that strives to make the patient feel safe, heard and respected. This relationship. Reality Therapy. Chapter 11 relationship, not what others choose to do, that is the heart of reality therapy.” Biography of . Need balance between “your need to try to force me to live my therapist's job to help clients to determine priorities. To create a connection between people, the reality therapy counselor, If.
Central to reality therapy is the idea that mental distress is not the result of a mental illness. Instead it is the result of a socially universal human condition that occurs when an individual has not had their basic psychological needs met. According to Glasser, whether we are aware of it or not, we are all the time acting to meet these needs.
While we may struggle to choose our feelings and physiology, we are able to directly choose our thoughts and actions. Reality therapy is therefore designed to find ways of meeting a person's basic needs, whilst facilitating clients to become aware of, and change negative thoughts and actions. This is to help them take control of their behaviour, as well as the world around them.
Ultimately, reality therapists take the view that changing what we do is key to changing how we feel and to getting what we want. On this page Benefits of reality therapy How does reality therapy work? Reality therapy is a collaborative process between therapist and client, and it is unique in the sense that it is ongoing. This means that if one plan of action fails, new ones will continuously be devised until the therapist and client are both confident that positive results are taking place, or are a near possibility.
Essentially, the practice of reality therapy depends on several key components: The counsellor-client connection A reality therapy counsellor must create and nurture a trusting environment and authentic relationship to ensure their client s feels connected and comfortable about sharing his or her issues. Providing a setting in which individuals can relate in an open way is considered the foundation of, and the most important step in the practice of reality therapy.
Choice theory The successful application of reality therapy also depends heavily on the counsellor's knowledge of Glasser's choice theory - that human behaviour is chosen and driven by our five basic needs. By asking questions such as "What do you want?
Present behaviour Reality therapy is focused on the here and now and dealing with present behaviour rather than reasons for it.
Excuses are believed to stand directly in the way of progress and change, therefore clients are discouraged from discussing any problems, complaints, or symptoms. Instead emphasis is placed primarily on the actions and thoughts that are within the individuals control, rather than blaming or trying to control others.
Value judgement A reality therapy counsellor will typically conduct an honest evaluation of the client's current choices and behaviours to determine what if any change is needed to help them achieve their goals.
Instead, they need help to acknowledge their behavior as being inappropriate and then to learn how to act in a more logical and productive manner. Reality therapy attempts to help people control the world around them more effectively so that they are better able to satisfy their needs. The Reality Therapy approach to counseling and problem-solving focuses on the here-and-now of the client and how to create a better future, instead of concentrating at length on the past.
It emphasizes making decisions, and taking action and control of one's own life. Typically, clients seek to discover what they really want and whether what they are currently doing how they are choosing to behave is actually bringing them nearer to, or further away from, that goal.
Involvement Establishing a relationship with the client is believed to be the most important factor in all types of therapy.Reality Therapy Session 1
Without this relationship, the other steps will not be effective. Behavior Emotions are a source of information about how we are doing and whether we are happy with what is going on in our lives. But it is very hard to choose and to change our emotions directly. It is easier to change our thinking and our behavior.
Reality Therapy - Counselling Directory
So Reality Therapists approach changing "what we do" as a key to changing how we feel and to getting what we want. Current behavior and evaluating your behavior While traditional psychoanalytic and counseling often focus on past events, Reality Therapy and Choice theory solutions lie in the present and the future.
The focus of the practitioner of Reality Therapy is to learn what needs to be learned about the past but to move as quickly as feasible to empowering the client to satisfy his or her needs and wants in the present and in the future. The therapist asks the client to make a value judgment about his current behavior which presumably is not helping, otherwise the client may not have negative consequences from behavior motivating enough to seek therapy.
In many cases the therapist must press the client to examine the effects of his behavior, but it is important that the judgment be made by the client and not the therapist. Make plans and perform actions Plans for making better choices are at the heart of successful Reality Therapy. The counselor helps the client to make a workable plan to get what he or she wants.
Theory and Practice of Counselling
It is and must be the client's plan; not the counselor's. The essence of a workable plan, in Reality Therapy, is that it is a plan the client can implement - in other words, it concentrates on the things that are in the client's control to do. The client is likely to need some suggestions and prompting from the therapist, but it helps if the plan itself comes from the client.
It is important that the initial steps be small enough that the client is almost certain to succeed, in order to build confidence. Commitment to the plan The client must make a commitment to carry out the plan. This is important because many clients will do things for the therapist that they would not do just for themselves.
- Find a Treatment Facility
- Reality therapy
In some cases it can be helpful to make the commitment in writing. The therapist insists that the client either carry out the plan, or come up with a more feasible plan. If the therapist maintains a good relationship with the client, it can be very hard to resist carrying out a plan that the client has agreed would be feasible.