Iran and state-sponsored terrorism - Wikipedia
Interviews with al-Qaeda members and bin Laden's family reveal a pact appeared to confirm the relationship—detailing among other things. The Iranian hand was first detected by federal prosecutors during the Clinton administration. The relationship between al Qaeda and Iran. Since the Iranian Revolution in , the government of Iran has been accused by several .. Iran detained hundreds of al Qaeda operatives that entered the country following the invasion of Afghanistan; while saying that in his view, "There was no direct connection between Iran and the attacks of September ".
Iran was, therefore, able to limit the risks of cooperating with Al Qaeda directly by engaging Al Qaeda through Hezbollah.
After Al-Qaeda's banishment from Sudan in response to its unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and its subsequent relocation to Afghanistan inIran continued to provide Al-Qaeda with assistance.
Iran facilitated travel for Al Qaeda fighters through Iran to Afghanistan and "Iranian border guards were instructed not to stamp their passports, presumably to prevent their home governments from suspecting that they had traveled to Afghanistan.
For the first time, on August 7,Al Qaeda successfully employed Iran-Hezbollah terrorist tactics to devastating effect. Al Qaeda carried out two simultaneous suicide truck bombings outside the U. Following the embassy bombings, the U. The key section of the indictment states the case explicitly: The Iranian defendants, through Hezbollah, provided explosives training to bin Laden and al Qaeda and rendered direct assistance to al Qaeda operatives.
Iran was eager to cooperate further with Al Qaeda, although Osama bin Laden was somewhat reluctant. There is also circumstantial evidence that senior Hezbollah operatives were closely tracking the travel of some of these future muscle hijackers into Iran in November He also noted that Iran "continues to provide material support and resources to al-Qaida by providing a safe haven for al-Qaida leadership and rank-and-file al-Qaida members.
District Judge George Daniels issued a default judgement against Iran. What is less known is that key elements of Al-Qaeda also escaped to Iran, in some cases with assistance from Iranian authorities. In latefor example, a senior Al Qaeda operative based in Iran, Mustafa Hamidagain negotiated with the Iranian government to relocate Al Qaeda families to Iran.
According to a European intelligence analyst, "The [Quds] Force's senior leaders have longstanding ties to Al Qaeda, and since the fall of Afghanistan, have provided some Al Qaeda leaders with travel documents and safe haven. Nominally, Iran held these Al Qaeda operatives under " house arrest ," but in reality, Al Qaeda was using Iran as a base of operations under the protection of the Quds Force.
Over the next decade, as a means to further its own regional goals, the Iranian regime would permit Al Qaeda use of its territory to plan terrorist attacks abroad as well as transit money, arms and fighters across the region.
However, according to Matthew Levitt and Michael Jacobson, analysts at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, "this seemingly tough stance served as cover for Tehran's ongoing dealings with the organization; the regime's support for Al Qaeda continued throughout this period.
SinceIran has harbored key Al Qaeda operatives. In its " Country Reports on Terrorism ," the U. State Department wrote that " Iran has repeatedly resisted numerous calls to transfer custody of its AQ detainees to their countries of origin or third countries for interrogation or trial.
Iran also continued to fail to control the activities of some AQ members who fled to Iran following the fall of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
Al Qaeda Alliance against the US | UANI
Regarding the action, Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, Stuart Levey stated, "It is important that Iran give a public accounting of how it is meeting its international obligations to constrain al Qaeda. This incident pointed to another dangerous sign of increased Iran-Al Qaeda collaboration. In return for its help, Iran provided Al Qaeda operatives based in its territory greater freedom of movement and loosened restrictions.
Many believe the group promotes the Iranian agenda and that its goal is to overthrow the moderate governments in the area and create Islamic Republics based on that of Iran as well as the destruction of Israel. It is believed to be one of the Islamic resistance groups that made suicide bombings common use.
Other attacks credited to Hezbollah include: Firing of hundreds of rockets into northern Israel on a daily basis and capture of Israeli soldiers in One of the Iranians led counter-terrorism officers to recover 15 kilograms of a powdery substance believed to be explosive. Erick Opagal, an investigator with Kenya's Anti-Terrorism Police Unit, said that the two Iranians had shipped over kilograms of powerful explosives into Kenya.
UgandaEthiopiaand Kenya all expressed concern with Ayalon regarding Iran's attempts to increase terror activity in Africa.
It was Argentina's deadliest bombing ever. Argentina accused Tehran in of being behind the attacks, and indicted several senior Iranian officials, including Hashemi Rafsanjani and Ahmad Vahidias well as Hezbollah's Imad Mughniyah.
Thai authorities said that the bombings were a botched attempt by Iranian nationals to assassinate Israeli diplomats. Several Iranians were arrested and charged for the attacks, one of whom was badly injured. France[ edit ] In OctoberFrance froze Iranian financial assets in response to an alleged bomb plot to be carried out against an opposition group at a rally in Paris. Bates ruled in federal court that Iran was liable for the United States embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
Iran and state-sponsored terrorism
In his page decision, Judge Bates wrote that "Prior to their meetings with Iranian officials and agents Bin Laden and al Qaeda did not possess the technical expertise required to carry out the embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam.
Two previous federal judges had ruled that Sudan was liable for its role in the attack, but Contreras's "ruling is the first to find Iran partly responsible for the incident.
Responsibility for the September 11 attacks The U.