Polonius - Wikipedia
TRIANGULAR Relationships. The relationship among Hamlet, Claudius and Polonius The relationship among Hamlet,Claudius and Polonius is hard to explain. Polonius is Claudius's advisor. His son Laertes is a foil for Hamlet. Polonius's daughter, and Laertes's sister, Ophelia, is romantically involved with Hamlet at the. Nov 16, Polonius prides himself on finding things out. (). Had Polonius not interfered with the relationship between Hamlet and Ophelia.
Hamlet deals roughly with his mother, causing her to cry for help. Polonius echoes the request for help and is heard by Hamlet, who then mistakes the voice for Claudius' and stabs through the arras and kills him.
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Polonius' death at the hands of Hamlet causes Claudius to fear for his own life, Ophelia to go mad, and Laertes to seek revenge, which leads to the duel in the final act. Sources[ edit ] The literary origins of the character may be traced to the King's counselor found in the Belleforest and William Painter versions of the Hamlet legend.
However, at least since the 19th century scholars have also sought to understand the character in terms of Elizabethan court politics. The theory was often finessed with supplementary arguments,  but also disputed. Arden Hamlet editor Harold Jenkinsfor example, criticised the idea of any direct personal satire of Burghley as "unlikely" and "uncharacteristic of Shakespeare".
In the first quarto of Hamlet, Polonius is named "Corambis". It has been suggested that this derives from "crambe" or "crambo", derived from a Latin phrase meaning "reheated cabbage", implying "a boring old man" who spouts trite rehashed ideas. Various suggestions have been made to explain this.
Hibbard argues that the name was originally Polonius, but was changed because Q1 derives from a version of the play to be performed in Oxford and Cambridge, and the original name was too close to that of Robert Poleniusfounder of Oxford University. Since Polonius is a parody of a pompous pseudo-intellectual, the name might have been interpreted as a deliberate insult.
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Stage and film portrayals[ edit ] In most productions of the 20th century, up to aboutPolonius was played as a somewhat senilegarrulous man of about seventy-five or so, eliciting a few laughs from the audience by the depiction.
More recent productions have tended to play him as a slightly younger man, and to emphasise his shiftiness rather than pompous senility, harking back to the traditional manner in which Polonius was played before the 20th century. Until the s there was a tradition that the actor who plays Polonius also plays the quick-witted gravedigger in Act V. This bit suggests that the actor who played Polonius was an actor used to playing clowns much like the Fool in King Lear: Polonius adds a new dimension to the play and is a controlling and menacing character.
One key to the portrayal is a producer's decision to keep or remove the brief scene with his servant, Reynaldo, which comes after his scene of genial, fatherly advice to Laertes.
He instructs Reynaldo to spy on his son, and even suggest that he has been gambling and consorting with prostitutes, to find out what he has really been up to.
Polonius is a man of high state and nobility. Laertes protests to Claudius that Polonius was not buried in a manner fitting his high rank.
As Claudius says to Laertes: He may well have helped Claudius obtain the throne. He must choose between Claudius and Hamlet.
If he becomes father- in-law to Hamlet, it would put Polonius in an impossible situation. Claudius would no longer be able to trust him. If he helped Claudius to the throne, would he not try to do the same for his son-in-law and make his daughter queen? He emphasizes that he forced Ophelia to break off her relationship with Hamlet, and that he told her: Out of his anger and bitterness he mocks Polonius and calls him names and a fool.
Even after killing Polonius he continues: This counsellor is now most still, most silent, most grave, who was in life a foolish prating nave.
Yet, It is unlikely that a man as smart as Claudius would have a fool as his chief advisor. Indeed, Polonius is a shrewd judge of human nature, as demonstrated by his advice to Laertes as he departs for France, 1.
Polonius prides himself on finding things out. She tells this to Polonius and that she has refused to see him and to receive his letters.
Hamlet is thought to be mad, and Polonius reasonably believes that his madness is due to her rejection of him. Polonius reports his belief to Claudius and Gertrude.
Hamlet, ophelia and polonius
They agree to test it by arranging to have Ophelia meet Hamlet as if by accident. Hamlet probably suspects that he is being spied upon. Hamlet is on his guard after Rosencrantz and Guildernstern admit they had been sent for by Claudius, obviously to spy on him, 2. Claudius told Hamlet to come to the lobby.