Fatah-Hamas reconciliation | The Times of Israel
Nathan J. Brown, an expert on Arab and Palestinian politics, says despite the major split in Palestinian ranks between Fatah and Hamas, it is “unlikely in the. The split between Hamas in Gaza and Fatah in the West Bank led each . movement, Israeli-Palestinian relations, and policy dilemmas of dealing with sub- state. June Fighting between Fatah and Hamas gunmen in Gaza escalates into a systematic and bloody assault by Hamas on Fatah.
Most of its armed operations were carried out from Jordan and Lebanon. The PLO was created in with the goal to liberate Palestine, and today acts as the representative of the Palestinian people at the United Nations.Gaza - Fatah-Hamas: The Battle For Gaza
After being pushed out of Jordan and Lebanon in the s and s, the movement underwent a fundamental change, choosing to negotiate with Israel. The word Hamas means zeal.
The Hamas movement was founded in Gaza in by imam Sheikh Ahmed Yasin and aide Abdul Aziz al-Rantissi shortly after the start of the first Intifada, or Palestinian uprising against Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territories. The movement started as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and created a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, to pursue an armed struggle against Israel with the aim of liberating historic Palestine.
It also provided social welfare programmes to Palestinian victims of the Israeli occupation.
Are Hamas-Fatah unity talks doomed to failure? - Arab-Israeli Conflict - Jerusalem Post
Hamas defines itself as a "Palestinian Islamic national liberation and resistance movement", using Islam as its frame of reference. The movement believes that the "establishment of 'Israel' is entirely illegal". This sets it apart from the PLO, of which it is not a member.
Hamas entered Palestinian politics as a political party in when it engaged in local elections, and won a landslide victory in parliamentary elections inbeating Fatah. SinceIsrael has launched three wars against Hamas and the Strip. After Hamas won elections in that year, Israel imposed an airtight blockade.
Civilians in Gaza have borne the brunt of the fighting. In the last Israeli assault on the Strip, more than 2, Palestinians were killed, including children, over a span of 50 days. How do their objectives differ?
With the release of Hamas' political document inthe objectives of the two parties are effectively the same - creating a Palestinian state on the borders of What are their strategies? The biggest difference between the two movements today is their attitude towards Israel. While Hamas has clung to using armed resistance, Fatah believes in negotiating with Israel and has completely ruled out using attacks.
This became more intense after the two parties repeatedly failed to reach a deal to share government power, escalating in June and resulting in Hamas' takeover of Gaza.
Hamas leader Ismail Haniya formed a new PA government on 29 March comprising mostly Hamas members, after Fatah and other factions refused to join, especially as Hamas refused to accept the Quartet's conditions, such as recognition of Israel and earlier agreements, leading to a substantial part of the international community, especially Israel, the United States and European Union countries, not to deal with the Hamas government and imposed sanctions.
- Hamas and Fatah: Why the two groups are failing
- Fatah–Hamas conflict
Following the abduction by Hamas militants of Gilad Shalit on 25 June in a cross-border raid via an underground tunnel out of Gaza, Israel detained nearly a quarter of PLC members and ministers on the West Bank during August and intensified the boycott of Gaza and took other punitive measures. The Hamas government was replaced on 17 March by a national unity government headed by Haniya comprising Hamas and Fatah ministers.
Preceding events Main article: The plan mentioned as an objective, "encourage and enable the Palestinian Authority PA to fully meet its security obligations under Phase 1 of the Roadmap". The disengagement plan from was already adopted by the Israeli Government in June Israel withdrew from Gaza in September Control of the Gaza—Egypt border was on the Egyptian side handed over to Egypt. As a result of the Hamas led government 's refusal to commit to nonviolence, recognition of the state of Israel, and acceptance of previous agreements, Israel, the Middle East Quartet United States, Russia, United Nations, and European Unionseveral Western statesand the Arab states imposed sanctions suspending all foreign aid.
On 25 Junemilitant groups conducted a cross-border raid into Israel. The Israeli response left Hamas with half its parliamentary bloc and its cabinet ministers in the West Bank in Israeli custody.
The Hamas-dominated Palestinian Authority and the parliament on the other hand were boycotted, and international financial aid was rendered via Abbas, bypassing the Palestinian Government. Involvement of US, Israel and Arab states Several sources speak of considerable involvement by the United States, Israel and Arab states, after Hamas in announced the formation of its own security service, the Executive Forcewhich was denounced by Mahmoud Abbas as unconstitutional.
Are Hamas-Fatah unity talks doomed to failure?
Israel, too, allowed light arms to flow to members of the Presidential Guard. Jordan and Egypt hosted at least two battalions for training.
Abbas had denounced the move as unconstitutional, saying that only the Palestinian president could command armed forces. Tensions further grew between the two Palestinian factions after they failed to reach a deal to share government power.
December to January Facing international sanctions, the Hamas-led Palestinian Authority depended on the import of large amounts of cash to pay its debts.
After guards had fired at the Hamas militants, they took over the hall, firing shots into the air. A Hamas official tried to get the militants to disperse. Haniyeh had already cut short his trip due to mounting tensions between Hamas and rival faction Fatah, after three sons of a Fatah security chief were killed days earlier.
One of Haniyeh's sons was moderately wounded and his political adviser Ahmed Youssef was lightly wounded. Security units loyal to Mahmoud Abbas and dressed in riot gear, used clubs and rifles to beat back the demonstrators before the shooting broke out.
At least 20 people were wounded in the clashes, which came shortly after the attempt to assassinate Ismail Haniya. A senior Hamas lawmaker called it "a real coup against the democratically elected government".
Hamas and Fatah: How are the two groups different?
Hamas characterized it as an attempted Fatah coup by Abbas,  using undemocratic means to overthrow the results of a democratically elected government.
One Fatah operative said that Abbas had been threatening to call early elections for the past five months and that "more threats are not going to work". Pro-Hamas militiamen retaliated with shots at the home of President Abbas, wounding five guards. A member of Fatah's Force 17 was killed, together with a passing woman.
At the end of the day, Fatah and Hamas agreed on a ceasefire, though gunfire continued outside Mohammed Dahlan's house. After a month of fighting, which left 33 people dead, President Mahmoud Abbas attempted to incorporate the Hamas-led Executive Force into the security apparatus loyal to the president. Hamas rejected Abbas' order, and instead announced plans to double the size of its force. On 6 JanuaryAbbas outlawed the Executive Force and ordered its disbandment.
Abbas's only means of enforcing the order appeared to be coercive action by police and security units under his command, which were relatively weak in the Gaza Strip, Hamas's stronghold.
According to Hamas, the deliveries to the Presidential Guard were intended to instigate sedition against Hamaswhile withholding money and assistance from the Palestinian people.