Brand relationship - Wikipedia
COMPANY BRAND: Nestlé FAMILY BRAND: Nescafe INDIVIDUAL BRAND: of brand architecture: the brand relationship spectrum; the brand hierarchy; and a. Brand architecture is the structure of brands within an organizational entity. It is the way in which the brands within a company's portfolio are related to, and. Spectrum Brands Holdings completed its previously announced merger with HRG Group, Inc. on Friday, July 13, Following the closing, Spectrum Brands.
These brands include a parent brand — which may be a corporate brand, an umbrella brandor a family brand — as an endorsement to a sub-brand or an individual, product brand. The endorsement should add credibility to the endorsed sub-brand in the eyes of consumers. The individual brands are presented to consumers, and the parent company name is given little or no prominence.
Other stakeholders, like shareholders or partners, will know the producer by its company name. After more than years of invisibility of the organization for consumer, the brand developed corporate brand promise during the Olympic games.
Commercials are aired on television around a message thanking all the "moms". In addition, each of their products is associated with the brand "PG" in advertisements for products.
A recent example of brand architecture in action  is the reorganization of the General Motors brand portfolio to reflect its new strategy. More detailed designations usually include the line wavelength and may include a multiplet number for atomic lines or band designation for molecular lines.
Many spectral lines of atomic hydrogen also have designations within their respective seriessuch as the Lyman series or Balmer series. Originally all spectral lines were classified into series of Principle series, Sharp seriesand Diffuse series.
These series exist across atoms of all elements and the Rydberg-Ritz combination principle is a formula that predicts the pattern of lines to be found in all atoms of the elements. These series were later associated with suborbitals. Line broadening and shift[ edit ] A spectral line extends over a range of frequencies, not a single frequency i. In addition, its center may be shifted from its nominal central wavelength.
There are several reasons for this broadening and shift.
CA Technologies - Wikipedia
These reasons may be divided into two general categories — broadening due to local conditions and broadening due to extended conditions. Broadening due to local conditions is due to effects which hold in a small region around the emitting element, usually small enough to assure local thermodynamic equilibrium.
Broadening due to extended conditions may result from changes to the spectral distribution of the radiation as it traverses its path to the observer.
It also may result from the combining of radiation from a number of regions which are far from each other. It is easy to assume the sub-brand is more important than you think. It turns out people really are buying HP and not LazerJet. Endorsed brand The second option is the endorsed brand strategy, in which the offering is endorsed by an existing master brand. The role of the endorser brand is to provide credibility and reassurance that the endorsed brand will live up to its claims.
An endorsed brand Scotchguard is not completely independent of the endorser 3Mbut it has considerable freedom to develop product associations and a brand personality that is different from that of the endorser. The endorser brand usually has only a minor driver role, but when the endorser is strong and the new offering is unknown and risky, its driver role can become significant.
There are also times in which the endorser can benefit.
For example, a successful new product with energy or an offering that becomes a market leader brand can enhance an endorser.
A New Brand The most independent option is to have a new brand, unconstrained by any past master brand associations that might be unhelpful or even harmful.
When a collection of new brands is assembled, it is called a House of Brands strategy. The house of brands strategy allows firms to position brands clearly on functional benefits and to dominate niche segments.
A major limitation of the house of brands strategy is the loss of economies of scale that comes with leveraging a brand across multiple businesses.