10 points to better Indo-China relations
So after reading loads of travel guide to Thailand, Cambodia and Malaysia, I've finally get to a solid-ish plan (this travel itinerary to Indochina). Indo china relationship. 1. INDO CHINA RELATIONSHIP; 2. EARLY HISTORY India and China had relatively little modern political contact. Department of State Policy Statement on Indochina, September 27, . Further negotiations to fix relationships of France and Vietnam are provided by the.
This question remains unsettled. We have not allowed the French a portion of the advance transfers within the interim reparations program. We have under consideration a French claim to gold valued at The gold represents the settlement of certain trade balances between Indochina and Japan and of Japanese local currency requirements during the period August to March 9, Since the earmarking of the gold transferred title to Indochina and since there are no general considerations [Page 47] of equity or public policy of a sufficiently compelling nature to justify withholding recognition of title thus transferred, the tentative position of the Department is that SCAP deliver the gold to Indochina unless an early FEC policy decision precludes such action.
The peoples of both these protectorates have been allowed some degree of autonomy, which apparently satisfies them for the present. Unquestionably, however, the current modi vivendi will be altered by any French settlement with the Vietnamese which gives the latter more autonomy than now possessed by the Laotians and Cambodians. In this agreement, France recognizes the independence of Vietnam, whose responsibility it will be to unite the three Vietnamese provinces of Indochina, with only such limits as are imposed by its membership in the French Union to which it freely declares its adherence.
Further negotiations to fix relationships of France and Vietnam are provided by the agreement which must now be ratified by the French Assembly, particularly as it relates to a change in the status of Cochinchina, now a French colony, to permit its union with Annam and Tonkin.6 Tips on How to Have a Strong Relationship
As regards international conferences, the US, as it recognizes French sovereignty over Indochina, has upheld the right of France as a metropolitan power to submit the applications for associate membership in ECAFE of its dependent areas in Indochina. Phibun apparently has given assurances to the French that he has accepted the solution of the recent Siamese-Indochinese border dispute.
He has furthermore taken limited measures designed to reduce the activity of Indochinese elements in Siam hostile to the French.
Chinese relations with Indochina, based upon a treaty which confers substantial benefits upon the Chinese in the peninsula, are largely determined by the needs and interests of the commercially and economically powerful Chinese overseas community in Indochina, numbering almost one million. On the surface, Chinese official relations [Page 48] with the French officials have been correct although signs of tension develop from time to time.
The Kuomintang has striven to maintain a tight control over the Chinese community through consular representation, while the French have endeavored to reestablish the situation of prewar years wherein the French authorities successfully maintained a degree of control over Chinese within Indochina. The Chinese, however, have also tried to protect the several hundred thousands of their fellowmen who live in territory not under French control.
French efforts to enlist Chinese support in Kwangsi and Kwangtung to suppress Chinese bandit and Communist bands which cross the Indo-Chinese border have not been successful despite an agreement in principle. An increasing Soviet interest in Indochina, as demonstrated by a step-up in radio broadcasts, was evidenced in the first half of Three years after the termination of war a friendly ally, France, is fighting a desperate and apparently losing struggle in Indochina.
The economic drain of this warfare on French recovery, while difficult to estimate, is unquestionably large. The Communist control in the nationalist movement has been increased during this period. US influence in Indochina and Southeast Asia has suffered as a result.
India-China Relations: How Can They Be Improved? - Future Directions International
The objectives of US policy can only be attained by such French action as will satisfy the nationalist aspirations of the peoples of Indochina. Our greatest difficulty in talking with the French and in stressing what should and what should not be done has been our inability to suggest any practicable solution of the Indochina problem, as we are all too well aware of the unpleasant fact that Communist Ho Chi Minh is the strongest and perhaps the ablest figure in Indochina and that any suggested solution which excludes him is an expedient of uncertain outcome.
We are naturally hesitant to press the French too [Page 49] strongly or to become deeply involved so long as we are not in a position to suggest a solution or until we are prepared to accept the onus of intervention. The above considerations are further complicated by the fact that we have an immediate interest in maintaining in power a friendly French government, to assist in the furtherance of our aims in Europe.
This immediate and vital interest has in consequence taken precedence over active steps looking toward the realization of our objectives in Indochina. We are prepared, however, to support the French in every way possible in the establishment of a truly nationalist government in Indochina which, by giving satisfaction to the aspirations of the peoples of Indochina, will serve as a rallying point for the nationalists and will weaken the Communist elements.
By such support and by active participation in a peaceful and constructive solution in Indochina we stand to regain influence and prestige. Some solution must be found which will strike a balance between the aspirations of the peoples of Indochina and the interests of the French. Solution by French military reconquest of Indochina is not desirable. Neither would the complete withdrawal of the French from Indochina effect a solution.
The first alternative would delay indefinitely the attainment of our objectives, as we would share inevitably in the hatred engendered by an attempted military reconquest and the denial of aspirations for self-government. Key Points Despite years of estrangement, the overall nature of the relationship is not one of enmity.
If both India and China can embrace the responsibility and facilitate greater regional integration, a lot can be done. China and India are both becoming major maritime powers.
India-China Relations: How Can They Be Improved?
As they build large navies to secure their growing interests, both countries are roiling the waters of the Indo-Pacific. To achieve a fully co-operative relationship, both countries must demonstrate the political will to re-assess and re-configure the narrative that defines it. Summary Present day Sino-Indian relations stand at a crossroads. On one hand, there is growing military and economic competition, while on the other there is increasing co-operation on certain issues, at least.
There is wide latitude for further co-operation and this paper strives to broadly identify the most promising threads of convergence for mutual strategic benefit. The only way for that to happen, however, is for the two countries to realise the responsibility that comes with their status as rising powers.
By working together, they can best tap existing and future opportunities to build mutual trust and respect. If both India and China can embrace the responsibility that comes with that, and facilitate greater regional integration, a lot can be done. But first, we need to understand the current state of affairs between the two countries and the complexities involved.
The following is a model used to represent areas identified as areas of divergence. Please note that the issues identified are not listed in order of importance.
The challenge for both countries is to find ways to convert the divergences into convergences. But, despite years of estrangement, the overall nature of the relationship is not one of enmity. Indeed, the 50 subsequent years of wariness hardly figures in the long history of relations between the two countries and peoples. It is also true, however, that, sincethe two have shared a tenuous relationship with mutual mistrust being the most common sentiment. Walt suggested that alliances made by states are determined by their perception of a common threat from other states or other alliances.
Nation-states thus seek balance by forming alliances against a perceived threat to preserve their security. The safer strategy is to join with those who cannot readily dominate their allies… to avoid being dominated by those who can. However, exclusive alliances between either China or India with dominant powers do not feature prominently; there are more incentives for the two in a strategic partnership.
According to a report, China has deployed approximately three hundred thousand troops within the region. Even during the conflict, Chinese leaders, including Mao, acknowledged that the conflict was not about the boundary or territory but about Tibet.
China has traditionally valued Pakistan as a strategic hedge against India. To some China scholars, Pakistan is a low-cost secondary deterrent to India;for Pakistan, China is a high-value guarantor of security against India.
In the process, they have been perceived as obstructionists, particularly by the G From their own vantage points, both have been driven to their current postures by domestic concerns.
For both, their economic resurgence is directly linked to overseas trade and energy demands, most of which are seaborne, along with which come maritime threat perceptions. Enhanced relations through ASEAN are beneficial for both India and China and can be helpful in strengthening economic linkages between them. Their impressive records of raising hundreds of millions out of abject poverty, in the midst of international crises, must be commended. Collectively, their two giant economies have become pillars of the global economy, supplying vital resistance to the financial tsunami that has swept the system since From an Indian perspective, New Delhi is committed to efforts towards bridging the gaps in its relations with China.
Former Foreign Minister S. We will continue to engage China in a constructive and forward-looking manner so that both countries can achieve a win-win situation. In the Indo-Pacific, broadly defined, achieving and maintaining that is fundamental to the interests of both India and China. Individually and collectively, both countries need to find ways to ensure that all the prospects of a resurgent Asia are realised. Given their similar developmental challenges and huge populations, the quest for a stable economic environment is not surprisingly a core concern for both countries.